database Archive

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“Made in the world”| Measuring Trade in Value Added: An OECD-WTO joint initiative

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of today’s global economy. The proliferation of internationally fragmented production, driven by technological progress, cost, access to resources and markets, and trade policy reforms, challenges our conventional wisdom on how we look at and interpret trade statistics and, in particular, the policies that we develop around them. Traditional measures of trade, that record gross flows of goods and services each and every time they cross borders, may not accurately reflect modern trade patterns and could, if taken alone, lead to ill-informed policy decisions. To help address this issue, the OECD and WTO announced a joint initiative agreed to develop a database of Trade in Value Added indicators and to mainstream their production within the international statistics system. Better understanding global trade flows Database content The first release of OECD-WTO TiVA database presents indicators for 40 countries (all OECD countries, Brazil, China, […]

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of today’s global economy. The proliferation of internationally fragmented production, driven by technological progress, cost, access to resources and markets, and trade policy reforms, challenges our conventional wisdom on how we look at and interpret trade statistics and, in particular, the policies that we develop around them. Traditional measures of trade, that record gross flows of goods and services each and every time they cross borders, may not accurately reflect modern trade patterns and could, if taken alone, lead to ill-informed policy decisions.

To help address this issue, the OECD and WTO announced a joint initiative agreed to develop a database of Trade in Value Added indicators and to mainstream their production within the international statistics system.

Better understanding global trade flows

Database content

The first release of OECD-WTO TiVA database presents indicators for 40 countries (all OECD countries, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russian Federation and South Africa) covering the years 2005, 2008 and 2009 and broken down by 18 industries. Indicators in the database include:

– Decomposition of gross exports by industry into their domestic and foreign content.
– The services content of gross exports by exporting industry (broken down by foreign/domestic origin)
– Bilateral trade balances based on flows of value added embodied in domestic final demand
– Intermediate imports embodied in exports

Accessing the database

The OECD-WTO TiVA indicators are available from OECD’s online statistics service OECD.STAT and through WTO’s portal at www.wto.org.

Weitzenegger’s Statistics Spider at http://statistics.weitzenegger.de also covers the TiVA indicators.

Global value chains and going beyond trade in value added

Taking into account the origin of value added is only the beginning of the OECD’s work in this area. A comprehensive report on the policy implications of GVCs will be released for the OECD Ministerial meeting in May 2013, covering trade policy, investment policies and other domestic policies aimed at drawing the benefits from engagement in global value chains. Much of the evidence that will feed into this work will draw on the underlying Statistical Information System (global input-output database) developed to produce the TIVA database, and so, further indicators can be expected in a number of areas in the coming years. Two important areas in this respect concern ‘trade in jobs and skills’, where indicators will begin to be rolled out for some countries later this year and over the longer term; and how income (profits) generated from trade flows, in particular how income generated via knowledge based assets, is further distributed between affiliate companies will also be explored. The Statistical Information System also lends itself to the calculation of indicators in a number of other areas such as carbon footprints, where the OECD will look to update its earlier results, notably as part of the OECD Green Growth Indicators.

Source: http://www.oecd.org/trade/valueadded

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The World Bank’s Open Data Catalog

The World Bank’s Open Data initiative is intended to provide all users with access to World Bank data. The data catalog is a listing of available World Bank datasets, including databases, pre-formatted tables, reports, and other resources. http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog

Search The World Bank’s Open Data Catalog from here:
http://www.weitzenegger.de/content/?page_id=8891

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Systematic Review Database | 3ie Impact Evaluation

Systematic Review Database.

The International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) has just launched the first online database of systematic reviews in international development. Funded by the UK Department for International Development, this database contains systematic reviews focusing on development interventions in low and middle income countries.

Systematic reviews examine all the existing evidence on a particular intervention or programme. This searchable database provides summaries of the findings and methodologies of existing systematic reviews and protocols, as well as links to the full reports. It currently has over a 100 reviews which cover wide-ranging sectors like agriculture, education, nutrition and health. More reviews will be added as they become available.

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ci:grasp

Home | ci:grasp.

ci:grasp aims to support decision-makers and climate change adaptation practitioners in developing countries by providing structured and coherent climate information. Information is presented following an impact chain logic, where climate change stimuli lead to climate impacts, which in turn require adaptation measures. Information is currently available for nine focal countries. The platform contains almost 1,000 thematic maps and nearly 300 outlines of existing adaptation projects. It will be expanded continuously. Users are invited to contribute to the adaptation project database, share their knowledge on adaptation, and give feedback on ci:grasp.

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UNICEF – Evaluation database

Evaluation and Research Database (ERD)

UNICEF is committed to the dissemination of lessons learned. This database contains abstracts and full text reports of evaluations, studies and surveys related to UNICEF programes that are in compliance with UNICEF Evaluation Report Standards. Reports from 2000 onwards are available in this database and can be sorted by country, by region, by theme or by date.

via UNICEF – Evaluation database – Introduction.

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New data shows an increase in tax revenues in Africa

African countries, across all income levels, have gradually increased their level of collected fiscal revenues over the past two decades. However, the crisis is expected to impact negatively on the fiscal revenue performance of African countries in 2009. A complete database of public revenue flows for 50 African governments from 1996 to 2008 is now publicly available on AEO.org, the online gateway to African economies provided by the OECD Development Centre, the African Development Bank (AfDB), the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the UN Development programme (UNDP). The database was used in its original form for the African Economic Outlook (AEO) 2010 study on Public Resource Mobilisation and Aid, which covered the 1996-2007 period. http://tinyurl.com/2wtgheb

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EIT needs experts for the Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs)

The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) launched a call addressed to individuals for the establishment of a database of independent experts to assist the EIT in the process of the evaluation and implementation of Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs). The database will include profiles from the following areas: Sustainable energy, Climate change adoption and mitigation, Future information and communication society, Business creation and venture capital, Innovation in existing business, Entrepreneurial education, Research and product development. The list drawn up from the date of publication of this call will be valid until the end of 2013. Applications may be submitted at any time, up to the last 3 months of validity of the list. To register as an independent expert, see http://eit.europa.eu/experts.html

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Websites of the Month, July 2009

ACP Business Climate
http://bizclim.ning.com
The Private Sector Enabling Environment Facility (PSEEF) is an EU funded initiative under the Cotonou Agreement. From now on, the Facility will be promoted under the ACP Business Climate facility (BizClim).On this newly established Professional Network , you can have your own page. On the main page, you find videos, pictures, blogs, links to published documents, BizClim-TV, events (e.g. workshop, conferences), publications (BizNews, e-zine), etc. Join in on NING!

AfricaAdapt – Knowledge sharing for climate change adaptation
http://www.africa-adapt.net
AfricaAdapt provides a means for researchers, policymakers, and all Africans affected by climate change to test new ways of sharing their experiences and challenges across barriers of distance, culture and language.

African Economic Outlook

http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/
This is the only place where African countries are examined through a common analytical framework, allowing you to compare economic prospects at the regional, sub-regional and country levels. Beyond numbers and stats you will find news, events, resources and in-depth analyses of sectors critical to the continent’s advancement. Whether you are interested in macroeconomic developments, structural issues, governance, human development or just the raw figures, it is all here.

Barefootjobs.org – Job portal for social sector
http://www.barefootjobs.org
This portal is been developed after lot of research and understanding of the social sector. It will endeavor to reduce the recruitment costs of the non-profits by providing a high-class technology based job portal.

Capacity Building Forum by WBI and InWEnt
http://capacitydevelopment.ning.com
The World Bank Institute and InWEnt Capacity Building International started this professional network for international partners in the development training and learning community with a shared agenda to improve the practice and metrics of capacity development programs. The online community originated from a High-Level Retreat on the Effectiveness of International Development Training. Here you can watch videos and listen to podcasts of the event and discuss the issues with experts and practitioners. Join in on NING!

CorpWatch: Holding Corporations Accountable

http://www.corpwatch.org
Information on some of the global companies participating in the Global Compact, which have caused or contributed to violations of human rights and/or environmental catastrophes (BASF, Nike, Shell, BP Amoco, Novartis, Rio Tinto Inc.).

CTA’s Knowledge for development
http://knowledge.cta.int
This website supports the policy dialogue on S&T for agricultural and rural development in African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries. It enables the ACP scientific community – primarily agricultural research and development scientists and technologists, policy makers, farmers and other stakeholders and actors – to share and review results of national and regional efforts and collaborate to harness science and technology for the development of agriculture in their countries.

DevWire.eu – the media portal to EU development cooperation
http://www.devwire.eu
The idea behind this site is to support journalists in their EU development coverage. This single entry point provides you with a comprehensive source of news and background – relevant, up to date and reliable.

Evidence-Based Policy in Development Network
http://ebpdn.org
This website is a key outcome of ODI’s Civil Society Partnership Programme (CSPP), and aims to establish a worldwide community of practice for think tanks, policy research institutes and similar organisations working in international development, to promote more evidence-based, pro-poor development policies.

ExportHelp – Promoting and supporting access to the European market
http://exporthelp.europa.eu
The European Commission runs a database for the explicit support of market players in developing countries who want to bring their products on the EU market. The database gives an overview on the EU´s preferential trade regimes established for developing countries as well as lists all tariffs, taxes and other requirements for goods destined for import.

GIGA Journals available free-of-charge on the Internet
http://www.giga-journal-family.org
The four renowned academic journals of the GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies are now available online and free-of-charge. Every Internet user can now access the full content of the GIGA Journal Family at no cost, which means that the reach of the journals is now significantly greater.

ilissAfrica – Africa Virtual Library on the Internet
http://www.ilissafrica.de
Finding relevant literature on a specific African topic or country – this is possible with the Internet Library Sub-Saharan Africa, which is now online and accessible to everyone. Users can search for books, anthologies, journal articles and Internet resources. They are then led directly to the corresponding website or shown at which library the book or journal article can be found. The portal is a joint project of the University Library in Frankfurt and the GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies in Hamburg.

ILO’s Synergies project
http://www.itcilo.org/synergies
The Synergies project site is intended as a platform on current applied research and practical implementation of linking financial services to business services that contribute to pro poor enterprise development, income and job creation.

Knowledge Sharing Toolkit
http://www.kstoolkit.org
The Institutional Knowledge Sharing (KS) Project together with CGIAR Center partners has been experimenting with a range of KS tools and methods over the past five years and has recently been assembling these and many others into this toolkit. It is an evolving resource, continually updated, edited, expanded, and critiqued and it’s aimed at scientists, research support teams, and administrators working in international development agencies, with a special emphasis on those engaged in agriculture and agricultural research.

Microfinance Gateway launches new and improved website
http://www.microfinancegateway.org/
In response to user feedback, the Microfinance Gateway now offers interactive features, a new look and feel, and updated information on hot topics in microfinance. Microfinance Voices, a series of feature articles, focuses on current issues, trends and debates in the industry. Readers can now build conversations around these articles using the new Comments feature to voice their opinions and create dialogue around current topics. The latest in this series, Microfinance and the Environmental Bottom Line, explores the growing field of green microfinance.

Political Finance Database
http://www.idea.int/parties/finance/db/index.cfm
The International IDEA database on Political Finance Laws and Regulations contains information on the laws on funding of political parties for more than 100 countries in the world. That makes it the largest collection of such information available. The database provides information on different themes like regulation and enforcement; public funding provisions; bans on sources of funding; and on disclosure rules and ceilings for income and expenditure.

Remittance Prices Worldwide
http://remittanceprices.worldbank.org
The Remittances Prices Worldwide Website provides data on the cost of sending and receiving small amounts of money from one country to another. For the first time since the site was launched in September 2008, new data has been published. Plus, new features have been added to the site, including 14 new country-to-country corridors, categories that describe the extent of network coverage in recipient countries, and a new set of standardized measures of transfer speed.

SPM Network – Making microfinance work for the poor and excluded
http://www.spmnetwork.net/group/communitymanagedsavingsloangroups
The SPM Network connects individuals and organisations who are committed to managing and achieving social performance in microfinance. This is also a space for practitioners to share experiences, common challenges and key lessons learnt around social performance management (SPM). Join in on NING!

The African Good Governance Network (AGGN)
http://www.aggn.org
The AGGN comprises a group of highly educated African academics who have either studied in Germany or are still studying in Germany. AGGN members consider it their duty to actively promote the values of Good Governance and thus accompany the economic and political transformation process in sub-Saharan Africa.

The Global University Network for Innovation
http://www.guni-rmies.net/

The Global University Network for Innovation – GUNI is composed of UNESCO Chairs in Higher Education, research centers, universities, networks and other institutions highly committed to innovation in higher education. More than 100 institutions from around the world are GUNI members. There are a number of reports on higher education available on the GUNI website.

World Press
http://www.theworldpress.com
Want to be informed? Have a look at this website. World Press offers headlines and links to more than 5,000 news publications in more than 190 countries. Source: FITA.