donors Archive

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OECD hosts MOPAN | Multilateral Organization Performance Assessment Network

On 17 July, the OECD Council agreed to host the Multilateral Organisation Performance Assessment Network (MOPAN) Secretariat. The MOPAN is a network of 16 donor countries with a common interest in assessing the organisational effectiveness of the major multilateral organisations they fund.

MOPAN members agree to carry out joint assessments, share information and draw on each other’s experience in monitoring and evaluation.

via MOPAN | Multilateral Organization Performance Assessment Network.

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How to monitor and evaluate anti-corruption agencies

How to monitor and evaluate anti-corruption agencies: Guidelines for agencies, donors, and evaluators
This report provides technical, methodological, and practical guidance to assist staff of Anti-corruption agencies (ACAs) in undertaking monitoring and evaluation and shows how the outcomes and impact of the work of ACAs can be evaluated in an objective, evidence-based manner. Download Report from U4.

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Event: Aid Effectiveness and Results-Based Aid, Bonn, 18 April

Public Lecture
Bonn, 18.04.2012, 18:30, DIE,
Aid Effectiveness and Results-Based Aid
Prof. Dr. Talaat Abdel-Malek, Panel Discussion afterwards.
Please register for the event with GDI directly: http://tinyurl.com/88dnh32

All aid approaches aim to achieve “results”. There are two aspects to the new debate on results: On the one hand, further improving the effectiveness of aid is important to the specialists, whereas on the other hand many donors (parliaments, the public etc.) continue to call for the justification of aid expenditures. This creates great pressure to give the most concrete evidence for the utility of aid budgets.

The current international discussion on results based approaches differs from debates so far in as much as in practice, aid has been frequently inputs and progress oriented. Results based aid (RBA) aims to identify outputs or outcomes that can be measured and quantified, i.e. results that can be directly linked to development activities.

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Consultation: how can commitment to evaluation be measured? Does it matter? Survey

Development practitioners and donors are gearing up for the Busan meeting on Aid Effectiveness later this month, which will focus on results. But will this renewed commitment translate into a more systematic use of evidence in policymaking?

To promote better use of evidence, 3ie is launching a Commitment to Evaluation index. The index will score donor agency and government use of evidence, identifying and rewarding progress and good practice. The index will be piloted next year for donor agencies, recognizing donors making systematic use of evidence, thus providing an incentive to others to do the same.

3ie’s initiative follows the example of other successful attempts to use awards or indexes to focus the attention of policymakers. Indexes such as the UN Development Programme’s Human Development index, Transparency International’s Corruption Perception index, and the Centre for Global Development’s new Quality of ODA (QuODA) index have raised awareness on key issues and influenced practice of governments and development agencies. In developing this measure, 3ie will draw from the lessons learned by similar initiatives on how best to award evaluation practices and build and run an effective index

We invite your inputs for designing the Commitment to Evaluation index. Click here to give your views on how commitment to evaluation can be measured and if it matters

Consultation: how can commitment to evaluation be measured? Does it matter? Survey.

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EADI EDC2020 Publication: Rising Powers and New Global Challenges

EADI: EDC2020 Publication “Rising Powers and New Global Challenges” – Bonn Sustainability Portal.

The challenges facing European development cooperation have changed substantially in recent years. Analysts and politicians have commented on the increasing influence of China in Africa and the challenges this poses for EU influence to the EU strategic and policy objectives.

In fact, both China and India have expanded their development cooperation programmes in Africa and are using aid as a means to gain economic and political influence and access to strategic resources, above all energy resources. In doing so, they appear to challenge the aid principles agreed by the OECD Donor Assistance Committee (DAC). Because of China’s high-profile in Africa, much of the discussion about new donors has centred on China’s role as a new actor in development cooperation, and the differences between its approach to development cooperation and the DAC principles. But the challenge for EU development cooperation goes far beyond aid principles and the DAC consensus. The underlying challenge arises from a combination of the emergence of new economic and political powers and a radically changing global conjuncture.

The DAC consensus was formed in particular economic and political circumstances. In the 1990s, the collapse of the Soviet Union freed development cooperation from great power politics, while reductions in spending by Russia and donors in the Middle East donors left the DAC group in control of 95% of international aid (Manning 2006: 371-2). The removal of aid competition allowed donors to pursue economic and political conditionality, human rights and democracy issues more insistently. At the same time, with a relatively benign global environment characterised by low and stable commodity prices and growth across much of the world, the DAC donors were confident about prioritising aid towards poverty reduction and the needs of the poorest countries downplaying the role of aid in pursuing the strategic and political interests of the donors.

By John Humphrey, Institute of Development Studies, UK

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Weitzenegger’s Publication Review

New on entries
Weitzenegger’s Publication Review
http://www.weitzenegger.de/en/publications.html

Agricultural Diversification for the Poor – Guidelines for Practitioners. http://tinyurl.com/2vs2wx8
This World Bank study treats diversification as a differentiated form of agricultural
development and recognizes its role to spur sustainable growth in the rural sector.
The principle purpose of this study is to outline practical ways for implementing
diversification activities. Throughout the paper, emphasis is particularly on how the diversification process can be made pro-poor with minimum risk involved. Paper concludes with a list of key investment areas to assist diversification.

Assets, Shocks, and Poverty Traps in Rural Mozambique
http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.363264.de/dp1073.pdf
Using a micro-level approach to poverty traps, this paper explores welfare dynamics
among households in post-war rural Mozambique. The analysis by Lena Giesbert and Kati
Schindler shows that shocks and household coping behavior help to explain the observed poverty dynamics.

Beyond Development Aid
http://europafrica.net/2010/11/09/beyond-development-aid/
Publication of the Europe-Africa Policy Research Network (EARN) that intends to address the EU-Africa political dialogue on global issues of common concern.

Brazil: An Emerging Aid Player
http://tinyurl.com/18r
This ODI Briefing Paper reviews the institutional set up of Brazil’s aid programme and the implications of its rise in the aid scene.

Challenges in Impact Evaluation of Development Interventions: Opportunities and Limitations for Randomized Experiments
http://www.ua.ac.be/download.aspx?c=.IOB&n=83953&ct=77447&e=249703 Institute of Development Policy and Management (IOB study by Jos Vaessen

Combating Poverty and Inequality: Structural Change, Social Policy and Politics http://tinyurl.com/25rkvpw
This UNRISD Flagship Report argues that this is because many current approaches to reducing poverty and inequality fail to consider key institutional, policy and
political dimensions that may be both causes of poverty and inequality, and obstacles
to their reduction. Moreover, when a substantial proportion of a country’s population
is poor, it makes little sense to detach poverty from the dynamics of development. For
countries that have been successful in increasing the well-being of the majority of
their populations over relatively short periods of time, the report shows, progress has occurred principally through state-directed strategies that combine economic
development objectives with active social policies and forms of politics that elevate the interests of the poor in public policy.

Evaluating Transportation Economic Development Impacts
http://www.vtpi.org/econ_dev.pdf
Understanding How Transport Policy and Planning Decisions Affect Employment, Incomes, Productivity, Competitiveness, Property Values and Tax Revenues. By Todd Litman, Victoria Transport Policy Institute

Evaluation Study on ADB Assistance for Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure Development
http://www.adb.org/Documents/SES/REG/SES-OTH-2009-31/default.asp Public-private partnerships have been gaining recognition in many of the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) developing member countries as an important means of
mobilizing private sector capital and expertise for infrastructure investments and
service provision. This study evaluates the performance of ADB’s public and private
sector operations in support of public-private partnerships in the power, transport, and water sectors; and the development of related policy, legal, regulatory, and institutional frameworks.

Global Employment Trends for Youth
http://www.ilo.org/empelm/what/pubs/lang–en/docName–WCMS_143349/index.htm International Labour Organization (ILO), Report 2010

Global Report on Migration
http://cloud1.gdnet.org/cms.php?id=research_paper_abstract&research_paper_id=16338
This report captures the main results from Development on the Move: Measuring and
Optimising Migration’s Economic and Social Impacts, a joint project of the Global
Development Network (GDN) and the Institute for Public Policy Research (ippr). The
ground-breaking global research project, supported by a consortium of international donors, has gathered new, comparative qualitative and quantitative data about migration’s development impacts.

IFAD Rural Poverty Report 2011: Global food production must increase by 70 per cent http://tinyurl.com/33hct5m
The Rural Poverty Report 2011, released on 6 December 2010 by the International Fund
for Agricultural Development (IFAD), predicts that global food production will have to
increase by 70 percent in order to feed the expected world population of 9 billion by
2050. Boosting the agricultural sector in developing countries is therefore the key to combating world poverty in the coming decades, it stresses. Source: EuroStep.

Is a Financial Transaction Tax a Good Idea? A Review of the Evidence http://tinyurl.com/2dootvw
The Institute of Development Studies has undertaken a comprehensive review of the feasibility of financial transaction taxes (FTTs). We find that, worldwide, a
financial transaction tax on foreign exchange transactions could raise Us$26 billion.
In the UK alone it could raise US$11 billion (£7.7 billion), roughly the same as the
entire UK aid budget. Such a tax would be most effective if implemented by the key financial centres around the world, but a currency transaction tax could be
implemented by individual countries. However, an FTT is unlikely to reduce market volatility as claimed by some campaigners.

Multilateral Resource Allocation: Best Practice Approaches
http://tinyurl.com/23cxnns
ODI Project Briefings 51 by Tony Faint and Deborah Johnson.

OECD Studies on SMEs and Entrepreneurship
High-Growth Enterprises: What Governments Can Do to Make a Difference http://tinyurl.com/37sskrm
This report presents reports from 15 countries that provide interesting insights into
the operations of and challenges faced by high-growth enterprises as well as a policy survey of 340 programmes in 24 countries.

Remittances, Value Added Tax and Tax Revenue in Developing Countries http://www.cerdi.org/production/show/id/1208
Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches sur le Developpement International (CERDI) paper by CE Eberke.

Report denounces humanitarian aid politicisation, lauds EU
http://tinyurl.com/3yacltv
A report by the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) initiative, an informal donor
network, ranks humanitarian aid donors according to their aid effectiveness, as rated by 475 senior representatives of aid organisations. The report finds that while bilateral aid from EU member states is becoming increasingly driven by politics,
multilateral EU aid distributed by the European Commission was ranked 6th place out of 37. The only EU member states judged to deliver more effective aid were Denmark, Ireland and Sweden. Source: EurActiv

Stemming girls’ chronic poverty
http://tinyurl.com/39932cb
A new report from the Chronic Poverty Research Centre investigates how to catalyse
development change by including girls (and boys) more prominently in development agendas.

Sustainable management in emerging countries
http://tinyurl.com/2w9rfjj
An analysis of German companies’ activities in India.

The Concept of Corporate Social Responsibility: a Philosophical Approach http://repub.eur.nl/resource/pub_21243/index.html
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS) Research Paper 508 by Adele Lebano.

The Failure of Cross-border Financial Firms: New Thinking in the Aftermath of the Financial Crisis
http://networkideas.org/featart/nov2010/fa04_Andrew_Cornford.htm
The development of rules for handling insolvencies of financial and non-financial firms with operations in a number of countries (cross-border insolvencies) is a
long-standing item on the international regulatory agenda. In this context, the author Andrew Cornford analyses the measures proposed in various reports to address the problems associated with systemically important financial institutions.

The Financial Crisis and Lower Income Countries
http://www.diis.dk/sw101807.asp
Danish Institute for International Studies Working Paper 2010:35 by Sam Jones.

The future of EC trade policy 2010-2015
http://ec.europa.eu/trade/trade-growth-and-jobs/
In its discussion paper “Trade, Growth and World Affairs”, the Commission analyses how
trade is an engine for economic growth and job creation. It proposes a strategy to
reduce trade barriers, to open global markets and to get a fair deal for European
businesses. The overarching aim is to take a more assertive approach to ensure the benefits of trade reach European citizens.

The G20 as a Development Opportunity for the European Union
http://www.edc2020.eu/96.0.html
EDC2020 Policy Brief by Madeline R. Young, FRIDE, Opinion No. 6 – November 2010.

The Impact of the Crisis on Employment and the Role of Labour Market Institutions http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/inst/download/dp202_2010.pdf International Labour Organization (ILO) Publication byWerner Eichhorst et al.

Trends and issues in international development cooperation
http://poldev.revues.org/142
Emerging economies and private donors provide an increasing proportion of aid.
Progress has been made in implementing the 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness
in a few fields, such as untying aid, but the results do not meet expectations. The approach, too often purely technical, omits taking fully into consideration the
political dimension which strongly affects aid effectiveness. The issue of overall
policy coherence receives renewed attention at a time when the debate about climate
change is leading development agencies to reconsider goals and strategies. Graduate
Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) study by Gérard Perroulaz.

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EC launches public consultation to improve budget support to developing countries

Over the past decade, the European Commission has increasingly used general and sector budget support to ACP countries as preferred aid modalities. This choice was motivated by the commitment of donors to make aid more effective. But despite the potential of the new generation of budget support and the so-called ”sector wide approach”, budget support has come under pressure within donors and partner countries for a variety of reasons. Therefore, the European Commission has launched a public consultation (http://ec.europa.eu/development/how/consultation/?action=viewcons&id=5221) to solicit the views of stakeholders. It seeks to find out and socialise what has and hasn’t worked with a view to improving the EC’s approach to budget support. The basis of the consultation is an EC green paper (http://ec.europa.eu/development/how/consultation/?action=viewcons&id=5221) which focuses on: i) political governance and the role of political dialogue; ii) the role of policy dialogue and conditionality and links to performance and results; iii) domestic and mutual accountability; iv) programming of budget support and its coherence with other instruments; v) strengthening risk assessment and dealing with fraud and corruption; vi) budget support in situations of fragility; and vii) growth, fiscal policy and mobilisation of domestic revenues. ECDPM is working primarily on the dimension of domestic accountability in relation to budget support and sector wide approaches. Source: ECDPM. http://tinyurl.com/39va6ka

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Donors’ mixed aid performance for 2010 sparks concern

Aid to developing countries in 2010 will reach record levels in dollar terms after increasing by 35 per cent since 2004. But it will still be less than the world’s major aid donors promised five years ago at the Gleneagles and Millennium + 5 summits. Though a majority of countries will meet their commitments, the underperformance of several large donors means there will be a significant shortfall, according to a new OECD review.

Africa, in particular, is likely to get only about USD 12 billion of the USD 25 billion increase envisaged at Gleneagles, due in large part to the underperformance of some European donors who give large shares of official development assistance (ODA) to Africa. Eckhard Deutscher, Chair of the DAC, noted that: ”Aid has increased strongly as 16 donors have honoured their commitments. But underperformance by the others, notably Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, and Portugal, means overall aid will still fall considerably short of what was promised. These commitments were made and confirmed repeatedly by heads of governments and it is essential that they be met to the full extent.”

Commenting on the figures, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said: ”It is reassuring that most donors are recognising their international responsibilities. As we head into new rounds of discussions about funding climate change and food security concerns, I encourage all donors to carry through on their development promises.” Source: OECD, http://tinyurl.com/ye8zrej

The EU falls short $19bn on development pledges. Some of the overall shortfall will come from the EU15 – the old, wealthier member states that made the original pledges. EU countries are skipping out to the tune of $19 billion (€14bn) on the aid pledges they made to developing countries five years ago at a landmark G8 meeting, according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Aid to poor countries in 2010 will be lower than donors promised five years ago at the 2005 Group of Eight meeting in Scotland – largely as a result of the economic crisis, says a report published on Tuesday by the OECD, the international club of wealthy countries. With national budgets squeezed in the wake of the crash, many governments believe that charity begins at home.

Max Lawson, senior policy adviser at Oxfam, said: ”These broken promises are nothing short of a scandal. A woman dies every minute in childbirth somewhere in the world because of inadequate medical care and 72 million children remain out of school. The missing $21bn could pay for every child to go to school, and could save the lives of 2 million of the poorest mothers and children.” Source: EU Observer, http://euobserver.com/19/29496

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Key reading on ex-ante Poverty Impact Assessment

Promoting Pro-Poor growth: A Practical Guide to ex-ante Poverty Impact Assessment
http://www.oecd.org/document/…

This practical guide, developed by the DAC Network on Poverty Reduction (POVNET), is designed to help staff in developing countries and in aid agencies to plan and execute PIAs and to interpret their findings, the ultimate goal being to design and implement more effective poverty reduction policies and programmes. Download: http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/46/39/38978856.pdf

Ex ante appraisal of the impacts on poverty of the project ”Plateforme du Millénaire de Diamniadio”
http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/57/32/39206523.pdf
Process documentation of the first Poverty Impact Assessment (PIA) in the Republic of Senegal, by Kerstin Meyer, Andrea Warner, Roland Hackenberg, Nathalie Manga Badji, GTZ, Dakar, June 2007

Sample Mission Report
http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/57/53/38609100.pdf
Ex Ante Poverty Impact Assessment for Regional Economic Development: Green Belt Siem Reap Province, Cambodia

Sample Mission Report

http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/31/27/41768805.pdf
Financial Cooperation with Cambodia. Poverty Impact Assessment for Rural Electrification II

Managing for Development Results and Mutual Accountability
The value of evidence based decision-making for advancing cross cutting issues
http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/57/40/38607559.pdf
Workshop on Development Effectiveness in Practice, Dublin, Ireland, 26-27 April 2007

Using Poverty and Social Impact Analysis to design more effective poverty reduction measures
http://www.undp-povertycentre.org/pub/IPCPovertyInFocus14.pdf
This IPC Focus issue examines the usefulness of two recently developed analytical tools: Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) and Poverty Impact Assessment (PIA). Both approaches provide a framework to analyse the distributional impact of policies, programmes and projects. PSIA involves in-depth analysis of complex policy reform processes and offers evidence-based policy choices. PIA focuses on decisions concerning development projects and programmes. To explore PSIA’s and PIA’s potential contribution to more effective poverty reduction policies, individual articles in this volume.

Lessons learned in conducting Ex Ante Poverty Impact Assessment
http://www.mfdr.org/rt3/Glance/Day3/Sen.ppt
Lessons learned in conducting Ex Ante Poverty Impact Assessment for a Natural Resource Management Programme in India Third Round Table MfDR – Hanoi 2007.

Ex Ante Poverty Impact Assessment
http://www.mfdr.org/RT3/Glance/Day3/Dio.ppt
Presentation by Wolf M. Dio, GTZ, POVNET Task Team Leader, Third International Round Table MfDR, Hanoi 2007

Poverty (and social) impact analysis compared
http://www.undp-povertycentre.org/pub/IPCPovertyInFocus14.pdf
PSIA is an approach developed in 2001 by the World Bank and other donors, while the PIA came about in 2006 as a result of discussions within the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC). The main difference between both tools is that the PIA is designed to focus on project, programmes or specific policy reforms, while the PSIA approach is better for macroeconomic and structural policy reforms. Since PSIA was introduced, approximately 150 assessments have been conducted and the International Poverty Centre (IPC) show that it has been applied with a different degree of success in different occasions. Most of the articles in the journal agree that further progress needs to be made in order to unleash PSIA’s full potential.

As well as the PIA approach, POVNET has recently developed and is actively disseminating guidance for donors on promoting pro-poor growth , including in relation to:
Agriculture:
http://www.oecd.org/document/…
Employment:
http://www.oecd.org/document/…
Infrastructure:
http://www.oecd.org/document/…

Private sector development:
http://www.oecd.org/document/…
Social protection:
http://www.oecd.org/document/…

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis
http://www.worldbank.org/psia
This World Bank website was conceived as a forum for interaction and a tool for disseminating experience.

Sourcebook on Emerging Good Practice in Managing for Development Results (MfDR)
http://www.mfdr.org/Sourcebook.html
The Sourcebook is a valuable resource which provides solution-oriented examples of MfDR in action for practitioners at many levels and in many contexts. By focusing on observable and replicable interventions, the Sourcebook aims to increase the understanding of MfDR and illustrate how many stakeholders are effectively implementing MfDR principles for greater development effectiveness.

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DAC aid in 2007 falls by 8.4%

The OECD has just released key data on official development assistance (ODA) in 2007. According to these figures, the 22 member countries of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC)–the world’s major donors–provided USD 103.7 billion in aid last year. This represents a decrease of 8.4% in real terms over the previous year. The fall was expected: ODA had been exceptionally high in 2005 (USD 107.1 billion) and 2006 (USD 104.4 billion) because of debt relief in Iraq and Nigeria.

How does this bode for donors keeping their promises with relation to key development goals? Overall, donors are not on track to meet their aid volume commitments, which the Gleneagles G8 summit in 2005 estimated would raise ODA from USD 80 billion in 2004 to USD 130 billion in 2010.

On average, donors need to more than double the present rate of increase in their aid over the next three years to reach this target. While there was an encouraging upsurge in bilateral aid to sub-Saharan Africa (an increase of 10% in 2007, excluding debt relief), donors still face a real challenge in doubling total aid to Africa by 2010, as foreseen at Gleneagles. The first comprehensive survey of donors’ future spending plans to 2010 has been completed by the OECD and the results will be published early in May. Source: http://tinyurl.com/5elbk9.

Germany is the world’s second biggest development cooperation donor in absolute figures, after the US. Federal Development Minister Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul welcomed the news, but commented that there was still a great deal to be done. http://www.bmz.de/en/press/pm/2008/april/pm_20080404_32.html

Full OECD Report: http://puck.sourceoecd.org/vl=1591633/cl=14/nw=1/rpsv/dac/index.htm