energy Archive

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Water, energy and land nexus approach to inclusive and sustainable growth | 2011/12 European Report on Development (ERD)

Kenya’s Lake Naivasha Basin is the centrepiece of a unique development experiment. It serves a vast horticulture industry, market gardens, small farms, and a geothermal power plant. With the basin showing signs of stress, local, national and international stakeholders are working towards an integrated solution to manage its water, energy and land (WEL). By 2030, demand for energy and water is expected to grow by some 40%, and for food by 50%, requiring a radical rethink of the world’s approach to natural resources and consumption. The ERD’s interactive video news release (iVNR) shows how integrated solutions, such as those being explored around Lake Naivasha, can help meet these challenges. The 2011/12 European Report on Development (ERD) has released a short film showcasing the importance of this ‘WEL-nexus’ approach to inclusive and sustainable growth. To view the Multimedia News Release, please click: http://multivu.prnewswire.com/mnr/prne/erd/53810/ “This film shows that, in an interconnected world, […]

Kenya’s Lake Naivasha Basin is the centrepiece of a unique development experiment. It serves a vast horticulture industry, market gardens, small farms, and a geothermal power plant. With the basin showing signs of stress, local, national and international stakeholders are working towards an integrated solution to manage its water, energy and land (WEL).

By 2030, demand for energy and water is expected to grow by some 40%, and for food by 50%, requiring a radical rethink of the world’s approach to natural resources and consumption. The ERD’s interactive video news release (iVNR) shows how integrated solutions, such as those being explored around Lake Naivasha, can help meet these challenges.

The 2011/12 European Report on Development (ERD) has released a short film showcasing the importance of this ‘WEL-nexus’ approach to inclusive and sustainable growth. To view the Multimedia News Release, please click: http://multivu.prnewswire.com/mnr/prne/erd/53810/ “This film shows that, in an interconnected world, these pressures are exacerbated when solutions to resource constraints in one area place additional strains on another,” says Dirk Willem te Velde, ERD team leader. “We must consider the full range of integrated solutions to better manage pressures on water, energy and land.”

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Universal access to clean, efficient energy is vital for poverty reduction,

Lack of access to modern energy services is keeping tens of millions of people in poverty and poor health across Asia and the Pacific region, the majority of them women, the United Nations told a regional energy policymakers’ meeting here.

As they cope with high international oil prices that led to an increase in poverty in the region last year, Asia-Pacific countries must ensure that national energy policies aim to universalize access to clean and efficient energy services, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) said.

“Ensuring access to modern energy services, doubling the rate of improvement in energy efficiency and doubling the share of renewable energy can revitalize the regional economy, combat climate change and go a long way toward ensuring equal opportunity for all,” Rae Kwon Chung, Director, Environment and Development Division, ESCAP told the Expert Group Meeting on Sustainable Energy Development in Asia and the Pacific, reiterating the vision of the United Nations Secretary-General’s ‘Sustainable Energy for All’ initiative.

Representatives from over 15 Asia-Pacific governments and energy experts from around the world met at the 27-29 September Expert Group Meeting organized by ESCAP jointly with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to review energy security challenges facing the region and lay the groundwork for a regional energy security agenda.

ESCAP estimates show that over 40 per cent of the approximate 4 billion people in the region mainly rely on traditional biomass for their cooking and heating needs while nearly 1 billion people lack electricity. This has enormous socio-economic costs, most of them borne by women who comprise nearly 70 per cent of the estimated 1 billion people in the region living on less than US$1.25 a day.

“Wider access to energy is a critical for reducing inequality. In formulating energy policies, we need to listen to the voices of the poor and marginalized,” Nanda Krairiksh, Director, Social Development Division, ESCAP told the meeting.

“Ensuring universal access to basic, clean energy services also provides significant benefits in the domains of health, literacy and equity,” Ms Krairiksh said. “Access to energy would, therefore, offer opportunities for millions of people to contribute more effectively and productively to society.”

According to ESCAP, few Asia-Pacific countries have integrated poverty reduction and environmental protection concerns into national energy policies. Lack of access to energy is a core cause of chronic poverty in developing countries in the region which, in turn, makes it even more difficult to obtain essential energy services, resulting in a vicious cycle of poverty and energy deprivation.

Noting that people facing energy insecurity have no voice in energy policy-making, the Expert Group Meeting agreed on the fundamental need to make energy policies pro-poor, and especially pro-women, in order to ensure universal access to modern energy sources.

Source: http://www.unescap.org/unis/press/2011/sep/g44.asp

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EU renewable energy targets may boost land grabbing in developing countries

The EU’s renewable energy target of 20% of its energy supply from renewable energies by 2020 will cause widespread ‘land-grabbing’ in developing countries, according to a new Action Aid report. The EU adopted the target in the ‘Renewable Energy Roadmap’ in January 2007, and has come under increasing scrutiny from civil society. http://tinyurl.com/5ucwlbv

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German government backs new energy strategy

The German government now aims to implement the Energy Strategy it adopted in late 2010 more swiftly and more rigorously than originally intended. Only ten years from now the last nuclear power plants are to be closed down. Germany aims to enter the age of renewables as quickly as possible. Speaking in Berlin, Chancellor Angela Merkel and three of her ministers presented in detail the steps that will be involved. No provision has been made for a way back. The strategy will entail changes to power grid expansion plans and the subsidy system for renewable energy such as solar and wind. The government already dropped plans to add a further cut to incentives for photovoltaic energy. Both chambers of parliament have to agree a change of course on energy strategy by the parliamentary summer break in July.
http://www.bundesregierung.de/Webs/Breg/EN/Issues/Sustainability/sustainability.html

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German government backs new energy strategy

The German government now aims to implement the Energy Strategy it adopted in late 2010 more swiftly and more rigorously than originally intended. Only ten years from now the last nuclear power plants are to be closed down. Germany aims to enter the age of renewables as quickly as possible. Speaking in Berlin, Chancellor Angela Merkel and three of her ministers presented in detail the steps that will be involved. No provision has been made for a way back. The strategy will entail changes to power grid expansion plans and the subsidy system for renewable energy such as solar and wind. The government already dropped plans to add a further cut to incentives for photovoltaic energy. Both chambers of parliament have to agree a change of course on energy strategy by the parliamentary summer break in July.
http://www.bundesregierung.de/Webs/Breg/EN/Issues/Sustainability/sustainability.html

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weitzenegger.de Green Economy and Development | June 2011

This Newsletter guides you to content relevant for international co-operation and
economic development. Reposted from sources linked below. Feel free to circulate it to your network. Edited by Karsten Weitzenegger

CONTENT

Special Issue: Green Economy and Development
On the road again to Rio+20

1. UNEP: Green Economy is key catalyst for growth and poverty eradication 2. OECD: Green and growth go together
3. The Green Star Hotel Initiative supports the greening of Egypt’s tourism industry 4. UNCTAD releases book ”Road to Rio +20”
5. UNEP Report spotlights benefits from boosting funding for forests 6. LDCs set to jump start to a green economy
7. The Africa Competitiveness Report 2011
8. Economic Report on Africa 2011 – Focused industrial policy 9. Climate Change and Asian Development Bank
10. EU renewable energy targets may boost land grabbing in developing countries 11. German government backs new energy strategy
12. Recommended Publications
13. Recommended Training and Events
14. Recommended Websites

Get a daily newsletter service at http://tinyurl.com/newsboxx Follow me on Twitter: http://www.weitzenegger.de/en/twitter.html

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Much «clean» growth possible in developing world with existing technology, right strategy and incentives, UNCTAD Report says

The stress of the global financial crisis — as well as concerns about climate change and food prices — should be used by developing countries to shift towards ”clean” growth, a new UNCTAD report recommends. It says such progress is possible and affordable with existing technology, based on the right strategy and incentives.

UNCTAD’s Trade and Environment Review TER 2009/2010 contends that while conventional wisdom holds that economic crises are times for belt-tightening and cost-cutting, the opposite is true in the current case. The urgency of the crisis gives governments of the world’s poorer nations the chance to re-direct resources to economic growth that is more economically efficient, better for the environment, more socially equitable, and more promising over the long term.

Because so little has been done in such nations, the TER notes, huge gains can be realized in improving energy efficiency, enhancing sustainable agricultural methods, and stimulating the use of rural, ”off-grid” renewable energy. If approached intelligently, such improvements should yield savings that pay for themselves or even generate quick profits. In addition, shifting to ”clean” growth should create jobs, the report says. But to make this progress happen, governments must eliminate market barriers and policies that prevent the flow of capital into these promising sectors.

The study maintains that large improvements in energy efficiency can be achieved in many low-income and least developed countries ”at negative net cost.” For example, efficient building technologies may be applied using local materials, in many cases reducing heating and related costs. Similar opportunities exist in sustainable agriculture, opened up by alternative production methods, developments in technology, and changing consumer preferences, the report says. http://tinyurl.com/y8zakry

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Standardisation should focus more on innovation

EU standardisation policy should focus more on product innovation and competitiveness, the European commission argued on Tuesday in a new policy paper. Standards and technical harmonisation can help speed-up the uptake of environmental technologies and liberalise trade in rapidly-growing markets, it said.

The commission’s policy paper outlines actions for a more market-led standardisation policy. Current standardisation models in Europe are ”called into question by challenges such as accelerated market cycles… and the trend towards global markets”, the paper says.

Standardisation is key to developing a European sustainable industrial policy and removing barriers to technological advances in ”lead markets” such as renewable energy, recycling, bio-based products and sustainable construction, the commission says. http://tinyurl.com/39gtas

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EU-ACP: 10th EDF country strategy papers adopted

A good number of country strategy papers for the implementation of the 10th European Development Fund in the African, Caribbean and Pacific countries have now been adopted and signed. They are available on EC website at: http://ec.europa.eu/development/how/iqsg/documents_library_en.cfm

A rapid overview of the 31 CSPs that were signed on 9 December 2007 at the occasion of the EU-Africa Lisbon Summit shows that:
– in general, the strategies seem to be more focused on a limited number of priorities (not more than 2 in most cases) than in the case of the 9th EDF.
– Non-state actors are often mentioned but no full and detailed inventory of envisaged support to civil society has been made yet.
– Governance is a focal sector in 12 countries which represent more 39% of the countries.
– Infrastructure (including mainly transport but also the rehabilitation of basic infrastructures in post conflict situations like Liberia and Sierra Leone as well as energy and water infrastructures) is a focal sector in 22 countries (70%). Transport has always been a key sector of the EDF. For the coming 6 years, the focus will be on regional connections with the building of main regional road axes in view of promoting regional integration and trade relations.
– Regional integration and trade is effectively mentioned as a focal sector in 11 cases and most generally combined with transport except in the case of Cameroon and Congo Brazzaville.
– Another important focal sector mentioned in 9 CSPs is rural development, in certain cases combined with agriculture and in others with food security.
– Water and sanitation is also mentioned in 5 CSPs and energy in 3.
– Social sectors are to be supported mainly through general budget support but are however specifically mentioned as a focal sector in 6 cases for education and only 3 cases for health (Burundi, Swaziland, and Zambia).

For 31 countries, however, the CSP is not yet posted on the website and many signatures are still pending. Not all countries are eligible to general budget support, in several cases, sectoral budget support is envisaged for supporting the focal sectors while no general budget support is provided. Source: EU News