EuropeAid Archive

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EuropeAid – Evaluation Guidelines

The EuropeAid Evaluation Guidelines are still here. The site offers methodological bases, evaluation tools, documents, examples and a glossary. EuropeAid – Evaluation – Guidelines.

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European Year for Development 2015 “Our world, our dignity, our future” #EYD2015

EYD2015 logo

The motto of the European Year for Development 2015 will be “Our world, our dignity, our future”.

The European Year for Development 2015 will take place in a crucial year for the future of development cooperation. We will reach the deadline for the MDGs, and will be able to assess the final efforts to reach the goals and targets set out therein. The international community will gather in New York in September 2015 for a momentous General Assembly. The 2015 United Nations General Assembly will be the culmination of negotiations on the SDGs and the post-2015 development framework.

Since 1983 the EU dedicates a thematic year to one topic. The EYD2015 was initially proposed by the European Parliament last year and received overwhelming support. The Council adoption was the last step in the EU decision-making procedure. On 2 April, the European Parliament voted in favour of the Commission’s proposal for 2015 to be the European Year for Development. On that occasion, Development Commissioner Andris Piebalgs stated that the European Year will provide “an unparalleled opportunity for us to engage with EU citizens, to showcase our strong commitment to eradicating poverty worldwide and to inform them how every euro of support helps to make a difference in the lives of so many, in some of the world’s poorest countries.” On 14 April 2014, the European Union’s Foreign Affairs Council gave the green light to designate 2015 as the European Year for Development.

What is the European Year for Development about?

As the world’s largest contributor of development assistance (as measured by ODA), the selection of development as the subject for the European Year in 2015 is hopefully a reaffirmation of the importance that development issues and the support for low- and middle-income countries has for EU external relations – and how the EU sees its role in the world. EU citizens should be informed on the role of EU as a global player. The EYD2015 is an excellent opportunity to spread that message. The EYD2015 will be an opportunity to exchange communication on development at a European level and take into account the varying communication needs in the individual Member States.

What exactly will change?

  • Improved information of EU citizens on EU development cooperation and in particular on the results the EU can achieve as the biggest aid donor in the world.
  • Increase of interest of EU citizens in development cooperation, awareness and demonstration of responsibilities and opportunities to participate in policy formulation and implementation.
  • Explanation of the role of EU development cooperation, which brings a wide range of benefits not only to recipients but also to EU citizens, in a changing and increasingly inter-dependent world.

The EYD2015 will be a great opportunity to:

  • Learn more about how the EU, together with its Member States, makes a crucial contribution to eradicating poverty and making the world a better, safer and more prosperous place
  • Get involved and participate in the discussions on the future of our world, in particular in view of the United Nations negotiations on new, universal development goals for after 2015
  • Gain awareness of how EU development cooperation benefits both people living in some of the world’s poorest countries and EU citizens themselves
  • Understand how other policies – such as trade, environment and security, for example – have an impact on developing countries that we must take into account (i.e.Policy Coherence for Development)
  • Support the EU commitment to achieve the 0,7% of Gross National Income for development funding
  • Develop a sense of joint responsibility, solidarity and opportunity in an increasingly interdependent world: it’s our world, our dignity, our future!

This European Year promises to be a major event and will need the broadest support possible to match its ambition and its huge geographical reach. I know that I can continue to rely on the support and help of the European Parliament, which together with the Economic and Social Committee, has been instrumental in the concept of the European Year for Development since the very beginning. I look forward to working closely with our partners, as well as Member States and citizens all over Europe, on what should be a very exciting, and ground breaking, year for international development.

Good timing: 2015 is the expiry date for the Millennium Development Goals (or MDGs) and to propose their replacements. The European Year plays a special role in communicating within the EU to citizens about a specific theme and it usually allows for joint and national level events, organised by EU institutions, member states governments or civil society organisations. A special budget is assigned for the European Year.

The role of civil society organisations

EYD2015 is planned to gather all existing experiences, best practices by CSOs and showcase them at European level. The idea for EYD2015 was promoted by CONCORD and other civil society organisations (CSOs), with support from the European Economic and Social Committee, gaining official approval from the EU institutions in April 2014. CSOs play important role being a partner for EU Commission in the planning of the year and in the implementation process at European level. CSOs are expected to be the main partners for Governments for activities at national level.

Marius Wanders, a board member at CONCORD — the European NGO confederation that first advocated for the EYD2015 initiative — believes the year represents an opportunity for open public debate with citizens, but cautions that it “should not be only about aid — what Europe gives — but also about the consumption choices that we make as citizens that affect global development.”

How can citizens get involved?

  • Join the European Year for Development group on Capacity4Dev http://capacity4dev.ec.europa.eu/eyd2015/ to share your ideas and get the latest news
  • Use #EYD2015 on social media such as Twitter and take part in the conversation
  • Plan and visit events in Brussels and the Member States.

More information

  • Together with its many partners, EuropeAid will be carrying out and supporting various activities and events throughout the EYD2015. A website gathering all this information will be launched towards the end of 2014. Meanwhile http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/news/2013-07-16-eyd2015_en.htm is the official Webpage.
  • Staff Working document – European Year for Development 2015
  • Citizens’ summary
  • Briefing for CONCORD members and partners, July 2014
  • Decision No 472/2014/EU on the European Year for Development 2015
  • EU Aid Explorer
  • EU External Actions Reporter
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    TrainEval. Training Programme for Evaluation in Development, Brussels, Belgium, 5 Modules in 2013

    Looking for a high profile training course on development evaluations? – Interested in the European Commission’s evaluation approach? – Want to benefit from exchange with other evaluation experts?
    Check out TrainEval. on www.traineval.org

    TrainEval. is an advanced training programme for evaluation in development, which has been adapted to the specific requirements of the EC evaluation approach. It has successfully been implemented since 2008.

    Next courses

    Module 1: 13.05. – 16.05.2013
    Planning & Management of Development Evaluations
    Day 1 // Concepts & Principles in Development Evaluations
    Day 2 // Evaluation in the Context of the EC
    Day 3 // The Development Evaluation Process
    Day 4 // The Need for Evaluation Expertise

    Module 2: 18.06. – 21.06.2013
    Design of Development Evaluations & Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
    Day 1 // Evaluation Questions
    Day 2 // Development & Assessment of Indicators
    Day 3 // Methodological Design
    Day 4 // Analysing Cost-Effectiveness of Development Interventions

    Module 3: 01.10. – 04.10.2013
    Qualitative & Quantitative Data Collection Methods in Development Evaluations
    Days 1 & 2 // Quantitative Data Collection Methods in Evaluation
    Days 3 & 4 // Qualitative Data Collection Methods in Evaluation

    Module 4: 19.11. – 22.11.2013
    Data Analysis & Reporting in Development Evaluations
    Days 1 & 2 // Statistical Data Analysis & Other Analytical Tools
    Days 3 & 4 // Reporting

    Additional Training module 18.-20.September 2013 in Brussels
    Systemic approaches to conducting evaluations

    TrainEval offers a sound qualification opportunity for development evaluation. It provides the ideal solution for experts acting in a growing market as it imparts
    evaluation theory, applied knowledge and the ability to plan, conduct and manage development evaluations.

    Participants profiles

    » Consultants in international development cooperation
    » Professionals working for:
    – Bilateral & multilateral development agencies
    – Governments of developed and developing countries
    – Non-governmental organisations

    All modules will take place in Brussels. The course language is English.
    Early bird reductions for registrations until March 15th , 2013.
    For more information on content, schedules and registration process, please visit www.traineval.org.

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    M&E – EuropeAid’s monitoring, evaluation and capacity development resources – Part 1.

    “Development and Cooperation – EuropeAid” (http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/index_en.htm) is a new Directorate–General (DG) responsible for designing EU development policies and delivering aid through programmes and projects across the world. It incorporates the former Development and Europeaid DGs. Having one DG will simplify communication in the development field by acting as a “one stop shop” – providing a single contact point for stakeholders inside and outside the EU to deal with.

    The Evaluation Unit is in charge of the evaluation of the European Union’s cooperation and development programmes in third countries. It covers all geographical regions and the corresponding EC external cooperation programmes.

    Dennis Bours, team leader of the SEA Change Community of Practice, has colleted some key files to give an overview of EuropeAid’s documents relating to monitoring and evaluation here:

    via M&E – EuropeAid’s monitoring, evaluation and capacity development resources – Part 1..

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    Good Practice for conducting a Political Economy Analysis

    Following Political Economy Analysis testing in several countries, Jean Bossuyt of the European Centre for Development Policy Management offers his insights on good practice as a member of the Political Economy Analysis team in Senegal.

    Jean Bossuyt of the European Centre for Development Policy Management is part of the Political Economy Analysis Team in Senegal, and is currently assessing how the methodology is being applied in that context.

    Speaking recently to capacity4dev.eu in Brussels, he considers the first important step to be “the buy-in”: to ensure that the process has full support of the Head of Delegation and that the whole delegation is involved. “This is the moment to work together and, as per the Agenda for Change, please also involve the Member States. Political Economy Analysis is not an academic study; its purpose is to better understand where the reform processes come from, where the dynamics come from, who are the ‘blocking’ actors etc.,” he said.

    “Everything that comes out of Political Economy Analysis is dynamite, so you have to be sure that you can use it properly and politically. If you don’t have this from the start it is not a useful exercise.”

    A PEA combines both political and economic analysis in order to help define how the economy fuels power and how political power is dependent on economic actors. ‘You will need a multi disciplinary team to undertake the process, with a mix of international and local expertise. That, at least, is the emerging good practice,” said Mr Bossuyt. Source: capacity4dev.eu

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    European Development Days Brussels, 16-17 October 2012

    The 2012 edition of the European Development Days will take place in Brussels, Belgium on 16-17 October 2012. The draft programme overview has been online for two weeks now and the more detailed version of the programme is also available. There will be about 50 events during the seventh edition of the European Development Days, including 22 High Level Panels.

    The aim of the meeting is a presentation of High Level Panels by theorganisers according to the following thematic clusters of the seventhedition of the European Development Days:

    – Sustainable Agriculture, Food Security and Resilience
    – Engaging the Private Sector for Development
    – Empowering People for Inclusive Growth

    To register for the EDD 2012, please click here.

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    Social protection: a new area of action for EU development cooperation

    The Directorate for Human and Society Development in DG DEVCO of the European Commission is presently preparing a communication on Social protection in EU development policy with the purpose of explaining “the role of SP in underpinning inclusive and sustainable development and the role of EU Development Cooperation in supporting the strengthening of social protection policies and systems.”
    This communication will be part of the EC tools for the implementation of the Agenda for Change and its ‘inclusive growth’ central objective.

    The obligation for governments to implement social protection programmes stems from the right to social security enshrined in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Social security standards are set out in the Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention of 1952 (No. 102). Social protection is also one of the four pillars of the Decent Work Agenda, which the EU has committed to supporting in its development cooperation. It is in the context of that Decent work Agenda that the new EC communication is prepared.

    As explained by an EC official taking part in the process, in the context of the communication, social protection refers to policies and measures that provide people with security against the risks and vulnerabilities that can both cause and deepen poverty. It also supports access to health and other essential services and income security throughout the lifecycle. It includes active labour market policies to help people to participate in economic activity and strengthens social cohesion through its role in supporting participation and reducing social polarisation through the redistribution of wealth.

    Various aspects of social protection are usually referred to with specific terminology. Social security is usually used to refer to measures providing benefits, whether in cash or in kind, to secure protection from a variety of risks such as ill-health or unemployment. Contributory schemes are usually referred to as social insurance, while non-contributory schemes are usually referred to as social assistance.

    It is the intention of the EC to produce a value based communication that addresses the question of Social protection as a human right in the context of growth with equity. Hence, the communication will refer to SP at the heart of EU social model based on the European values, universality and equity. That part of the communication should also tackle the problems faced by the EU today and the way to address them in the EU 2020 strategy.

    The communication will then address social protection in the context of development and the different challenges relating to it in different categories of countries. At the centre of the EU approach will be the principle of strong national ownership including financing. Coordinated approach and support between the EC and the member states will also be covered by the communication as well as the question of policy coherence for development. The communication should also bring some more light on the specific type of measures and cooperation modalities in different categories of countries (LICs and MICs). In our view the communication should be accompanied with a set of guidelines so that EU delegations are in a position to discuss the question with partner governments during the upcoming EC aid programming process especially in the case social protection is identified as a priority sector for EC aid. Source: APRODEV.
    Online consultation:
    http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/how/public-consultations/6404_en.htm

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    European Commission has launched the new aid programming cycle

    With no surprise, at their Foreign Affairs Council (FAC) meeting on 14 May, the EU Member States (MS) welcomed the two communications produced by the EC aiming at reviewing and ‘modernising’ EU development cooperation policy and practice; the Agenda for Change and the Future approach on EU Budget Support.
    The FAC conclusions on the Agenda for Change are very much aligned with the EC communication especially with regard to the focus on inclusive growth, private sector and blending of loans and grants. In other areas, however, they contain a few additional or slightly differing interesting elements. In particular, the council conclusions go much further than the EC communication in the area of Policy Coherence for Development (PCD). Indeed, in spite of its significance for an agenda based on growth, trade, investments and the role of the private sector, this issue was given very little attention in the EC communication. Thanks to the leadership the Danish Presidency supported by a few other Member States, the HR Ashton who chairs the FAC and all Council members finally decided to adopt separate conclusions on PCD. The essence of these conclusions is to recognise that PCD is an important element in the Council Conclusions on an Agenda for Change, which complements the EU development policy framework and to agree on the need for a more evidence-based approach and for improving coordination mechanisms and implementation within the EU institutions and the MS.
    Particularly welcome is also the following statement: ‘the EU and its Member States remain firmly committed to the goal of eradicating poverty, as set out in the Lisbon Treaty and the European Consensus on Development, and, convinced of the catalytic role of ODA, reaffirm their commitment to achieve all their development aid targets, including the collective 0.7% ODA target to be reached by 2015. See also the separate council conclusions on ODA targets adopted at the same FAC meeting.
    CONCORD members also appreciate the absence of any reference to ‘value for money’ in the council conclusions on the Agenda for Change while the principles of mutual accountability and ownership are emphasised. Certain elements of the following text in the paragraph on governance come directly from CONCORD’s recommendations to MS: ‘the EU and its Member States will support and promote an enabling environment for an independent, pluralistic and active civil society in partner countries, building on the Structured Dialogue. Awareness raising and development education are part of this. Successful development cooperation also requires significant progress on gender equality, empowerment and opportunities for women, including through political and policy dialogue, gender mainstreaming in policies and programmes, and specific actions’.
    The Council position with regards to the nexus between security and development is more ambiguous with no clear intention to adopt an EU action plan on situations of fragility and conflict as suggested in the EC communication but a mention of ‘the development of a comprehensive strategy, taking into account previous Council Conclusions’. The conclusions also state that the EU and its Member States shall pursue actions to implement the New Deal for engagement in fragile states, as set out in the Busan Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation. The FAC conclusions also mention the still open and undefined concept of resilience: Fostering developing countries’ resilience to national and global shocks and crises is key to their sustainable development. It requires integrating resilience and disaster risk reduction in development programmes and linking humanitarian relief and development cooperation. Likewise, strong coordination between the EU’s climate and development policies is vital. This commitment is reinforced in the separate Council conclusions on Strengthening Resilience to Food Crises in the Horn of Africa where the Council invites the Commission to follow up with further proposals on building resilience in drought prone areas including a Communication before the end of 2012 (see separate article in Humanitarian aid section). Resilience and food security is also on top of the agenda of the Cyprus presidency between July and December 2012.
    In the chapter of the conclusions dealing with implementation of the Agenda for Change, the MS strongly support EC proposal to focus EU aid both in terms of sectors (inclusive growth and governance) and countries. The differentiation between countries based on the criteria suggested in the EC proposal and the priority for cooperation with Africa and neighbouring countries are welcome but the Council states that the EU will also continue to cooperate with other countries and regions, such as in Latin America and Asia, that are key partners in responding to global challenges and where poverty and inequalities remain widespread. MS are also committed to improving aid coordination at EU level and to organise a joint programming of aid in a few pilot countries under the leadership of EU delegations.
    At a debriefing session with Civil Society, Commissioner Piebalgs expressed its satisfaction with regard to the support and backing of Member States in favour of the EC new approach on Budget support. The EC is comforted in its objective of maintaining Budget Support, and more particularly sectoral budget support, as a way to improve aid effectiveness as well as the effectiveness and governance of public policies and services in developing countries. In that area as well, MS are ready to improve coordination and joint assessment with the view to provide coordinated and consistent EU responses.
    The Council conclusions on the Agenda for Change close with these words: the principles contained in these Conclusions will guide the design and implementation of external action instruments under the Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020. However, even before the new legal bases for future cooperation instruments are adopted (expected to take place somewhere in 2013), the Agenda for Change already forms the backbone of the instructions to EU delegations for the programming of bilateral cooperation with developing countries that is starting right now and concerns all developing countries covered by the DCI (Asia, Latin America, Middle East) and the EDF (Africa, Caribbean and Pacific).
    Main novelties of the programming process are:
    – Country differentiation implies that no programming process will take place is the 19 upgraded countries of Asia and Latin America and that the launch of the programming is postponed in around 20 Middle Income countries of the ACP group until a final decision on how differentiation will apply to this group of countries is taken.
    – The country or region multiannual indicative programmes (MIP) will become the central element of the process and no country strategy paper will be necessary in case the national development strategy of the country is judged sufficient or a joint EU strategy/cooperation framework exists for the country or the region or the national envelope is lower than 50 million euros. The MIP will concentrate on 3 sectors maximum per country (at the exception of fragile states that may need a more flexible approach).
    – In countries eligible for bilateral aid, the first phase of the process, supposed to end by 30th September 2012, comprises the analysis of the national development plan and the outline of the EU response with a proposal for maximum 3 priority sectors. This first phase is key and is supposed to take place in consultation with the partner government, national parliament, CSOs and private sector, EU MS and other donors. Priority sectors should preferably be in line with the broad objectives of the agenda for change. Examples of sectors listed under objective one – Human rights, democracy and good governance: democracy, human rights and the rule of law; gender equality and the empowerment of women; public sector management; tax policy and administration; fight against corruption; civil society and local authorities; sustainable and transparent management of natural resources and Development-security nexus. Example of sectors listed under objective two – Inclusive growth: business environment, productive capacities and investments; regional integration and international trade; education; health; employment and social protection; sustainable agriculture, fisheries and food security and sustainable energy. Note that priority sectors of cooperation for each region will be included in the annexes of the legal basis of the DCI that have to be approved by the Council and the Parliament.
    – After 2 months of internal consultation by EC and EEAS headquarters, the delegations will receive instructions for the second phase and the preparation of the MIP. At that stage (end 2012 – beginning of 2013), regional programming seminars with the presence of Commissioner Piebalgs could be organised. In addition delegations should maintain dialogue and consultation as in the first phase.
    – For ACP-countries, in line with the Cotonou Agreement, a specific allocation may be set aside for supporting CSOs and Local Authorities (LA), in addition to the 3 priority sectors.
    – After consultation of MS at field level, the EU delegation may judge that a joint programming is feasible. It seems that it is the case for 5 countries only: Guatemala, Ethiopia, Ghana, Rwanda and Nepal.
    – The preparation of the regional multiannual indicative programmes will start later.
    Source: APRODEV

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    Future European cooperation instruments

    In the EuropeanUnion, donors are working towards modernising development policy and practice,with the aim of ensuring that it becomes more relevant, efficient, andresults-oriented. Political and policy levels currently adapt to the new globalcontext for aid and international cooperation. In November 2011 developmentpartners endorsed a new global framework during the fourth high-level forum onaid effectiveness – the Busan Partnership for Effective DevelopmentCooperation.[1]The Accra Agenda for Action expanded the notion of ownership from ‘government’to ‘country’ ownership.[2]Busan goes one step further with its commitment to “democratic ownership”: itstresses the governance dimensions of development by recognising the criticalrole that parliaments, civil society and local authorities play in promotingdomestic accountability and the need to improve interactions between governmentadministrations, checks and balance institutions and citizens. Busan has underlinedthe importance of ownership and further insisted on the use ofsystems-approaches, with any deviance explained to beneficiary countries.

    Beyond institutionalchanges affecting development cooperation, the Lisbon Treaty gives increasedprominence to poverty eradication. It is now integrated in the EU Treaties asthe primary objective of EU development cooperation; it has become one of theobjectives of EU external action and, finally, it is reflected in the overallvalues that are to be upheld and promoted by the EU. The provision on PolicyCoherence for Development (PCD) that requires the EU to take account ofdevelopment objectives in policies affecting developing countries haseffectively been strengthened. All in all, the treaty changes are geared toallow the EU to become a stronger international player and step up itscontributions to international development.[3]

    The overall challengefor development cooperation posed by the translation into practice of theLisbon Treaty is whether the Treaty will be effectively used to increase policycoherence for development in EU external action. The debate is not just an EUinstitutional one, but reflects a wider trend towards seeing development asbest achieved through an integrated international cooperation effort thatincludes policy inputs from different sectors, including developmentcooperation, working together in a coherent manner to promote development.

    The policy challengefor the EU is to find the correct balance in addressing poverty reductionobjectives and activities whilst promoting strategic objectives in ways thatdeliver optimal outcomes, and in the mutual interests of the EU and partnercountries.[4]A new generation of financial instruments and country and regional strategieswill be drawn up and implemented from 2014-2020, the timeframe of the next EUbudget.

    InOctober 2011 the EC issued a Communication on “Increasing the Impact of EUDevelopment Policy: An Agenda for Change”.[5]The document proposes two major innovations: (1) Improving impact, by targetingaid to countries where highest impact can be achieved (through a differentiatedapproach to aid allocation) and by focusing on two priority areas: “governance,democracy and human rights” and “sustainable and inclusive growth”. (2)Ensuring best value for money, by promoting coordinated EU action and improvingpolicy coherence for development.

    Fourgeographic instruments are complemented with six thematic instruments,which prioritise the list of EU global objectives. Programming under thegeographic instruments is a joint exercise with partner countries, conducted atcountry level and aligned to national priorities and national developmentstrategies. This approach emphasises country ownership of developmentstrategies. Unlike the geographic instruments, which are, in principle,supposed to be based on shared analyses of local needs and conditions and jointresponse strategies, the thematic instruments are based on the EU’s ownstrategy objectives and global priorities. They mix ODA with non-ODA funds.

    TheDevelopment Cooperation Instrument (DCI) contains a set of cross-cuttingthematic programmes that apply to all developing countries (including the ACPcountries that are funded by the EDF, and the ENPI countries). Although thethematic programmes are not based on joint analyses of the priorities ofdeveloping countries, they must be consistent with the overall objectives,principles and policy prescriptions of the DCI. Whereas geographic instrumentsfocus mostly on intra-government development cooperation, non-state actors arethe principal beneficiaries of thematic programmes.

    TheEuropean Commission adopted budget proposals to implement the MultiannualFinancial Framework for its external instruments from 2014-2020 on 29 June2011. The total amount proposed for these nine instruments is €96,249.4 millionover the period 2014-2020 (current prices). The Development CooperationInstrument (DCI) is earmarked with €23,295 million. The package will betransmitted to the European Parliament and the Council and is expected to beadopted in 2012.

    Figure: Proposed budget for the Multiannual FinancialFramework 2014-2020[6]

    European Development Fund (EDF, outside EU Budget)

    €34,276 million

    Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI)

    €23,295 million

    European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI)

    €18,182 million

    Pre-accession instrument (IPA)

    €14,110 million

    Instrument for Stability (IfS)

    €2,829 million

    Partnership Instrument (PI)

    €1,131 million

    European Instrument for Democracy & Human Rights (EIDHR):

    €1,578 million

    Asignificant share of EU aid is delivered in the form of budget support:financial transfers to government budgets in developing countries, coupled withpolicy dialogue, performance assessment and capacity building. The Commissionproposes to make it more effective and efficient in delivering developmentresults by strengthening the contractual partnerships with developingcountries.

    Themain principles of the 12-point Agenda for Change will be progressivelyreflected in the remainder of the current programming cycles and then in futureEU programming. In spring 2012, the Commission will ask EU DevelopmentMinisters to endorse the Agenda for Change as well as the new EU budget supportapproach which seeks to make budget support more effective and efficient indelivering development results and proposes more EU coordination.

    InDecember 2011, the Commission proposed a regulation for the new externalassistance instrument, revealing details of the future external action.[7] Future EU assistance shallbe implemented through geographic, thematic and the Pan-African programmes andin accordance with the Common Implementing Regulation.

    Inthe context of the renewed approach to the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP),the new ENI Instrument will provide streamlined support to the same 16 partnercountries as the previous European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument(ENPI). The EU will continue its support to enlargement countries through arenewed Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA), that will help thesecountries implement the comprehensive reform strategies needed to prepare forfuture membership, with emphasis on regional cooperation, implementation of EUlaws and standards, capacity to manage the Union’s internal policies upon accession,and delivery of tangible socio-economic benefits in the beneficiary countries.

    Table: Common Areas of Cooperation under GeographicProgrammes

    Area

    Elements

    I. Human rights, democracy and other key elements of good governance

    (a) Democracy, human rights and the rule of law;

    (b) Gender equality and the empowerment of women;

    (c) Public sector management;

    (d) Tax policy and administration;

    (e) Corruption;

    (f) Civil society and local authorities;

    (g) Natural resources; and

    (h) Development-security nexus.

    II. Inclusive and sustainable growth for human development

    (a) Social protection, health, education and jobs;

    (b) Business environment, regional integration and world markets; and

    (c) Sustainable agriculture and energy.

    III. Other areas of significance for Policy Coherence for Development

    (a) Climate change and environment;

    (b) Migration and asylum; and

    (c) Transition from humanitarian aid and crisis response to long-term development cooperation.

    The”Global public goods and challenges” thematic programme aims atstrengthening cooperation, exchange of knowledge and experience and partnercountries’ capacities. Human development is among the strongly interconnectedareas of cooperation within this thematic programme.

    Table: Human development within the “Global PublicGoods and Challenges” thematic programme

    Area

    Elements

    (a) Growth, jobs and private sector engagement

    More and better jobs, multilateral trading system, private sector development and business environment, industrial innovation and technology policies, trade policies and agreements, green economy, resource efficiency and sustainable consumption, use of electronic communications, ICT infrastructure and services

    (b) Employment, skills, social protection and social inclusion

    Productive and decent employment, vocational training for employability, decent work, fight against child labour, social dialogue, labour mobility, social cohesion, social protection systems, social inclusion, employment for all, rights of specific groups, notably youth, persons with disabilities, women and minority groups to let all population participate and benefit from wealth creation and cultural diversity.

    (c) Gender equality and women empowerment

    Women’s economic and social empowerment and political participation; aid effectiveness agenda.

    (d) Health

    Increasing access to, and equitable provision of, good quality essential public health services

    (e) Education, knowledge and skills

    Promoting knowledge, skills and values for sustainable and inclusive development; development of education systems; education, including for vulnerable groups, women and girls, and countries furthest from achieving global targets.

    Thefollowing cross-cutting issues shall be mainstreamed in all programmes: thepromotion of human rights, gender equality, women empowerment,non-discrimination, democracy, good governance, the rights of the child andindigenous peoples’ rights, social inclusion and the rights of persons withdisabilities, environmental sustainability including addressing climate changeand combating HIV/AIDS.[8]Particular attention shall be given to strengthening the rule of law, improvingaccess to justice and supporting civil society, trade and sustainabledevelopment, access to ICTs, health and food security, as well as promotingdialogue, participation and reconciliation, and institution-building.[9]


    [1]http://www.aideffectiveness.org/busanhlf4/en/topics/busan-partnership.html

    [2] http://www.oecd.org/document/18/0,3746,en_2649_3236398_35401554_1_1_1_1,00.html

    [3] van Seters, J. and H. Klavert. 2011. EUdevelopment cooperation after the Lisbon Treaty: People, institutions andglobal trends. (Discussion Paper 123). Maastricht: ECDPM. www.ecdpm.org/dp123

    [4] Gavas, Mikaela et. al., The EU’s Multi-Annual Financial Frameworkpost-2013: Options for EU development cooperation. European Think Tanks Groupbriefing paper. London: ODI, June 2011,http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/docs/7164.pdf

    [5] http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/news/agenda_for_change_en.htm

    [7] COM(2011) 840 final. The EuropeanParliament and of the Council have to respond to this proposal in the comingweeks.

    [8] COM(2011) 840 final, II.3.2 .

    [9] COM(2011) 840 final, II.3.3.