World Bank Archive

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Evaluation 2030 – What Does the Future Look Like? | Independent Evaluation Group

Five opportunities to change what and how we evaluate as we take on three ambitious development agendas.

Caroline Heider, Director General of the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG), World Bank shares five opportunities to change what and how we evaluate as we take on three ambitious development agendas.

Source: Evaluation 2030 – What Does the Future Look Like? | Independent Evaluation Group

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New Independent Evaluation Group IEG Website

This site http://ieg.worldbankgroup.org has been developed with a number of enhancements, with the goal of improving your experience online with the World Bank Group.

The site has over 20 new features and enhancements, designed to simplify and improve access to resources, promote learning, and enhance engagement. Among the new features are knowledge and learning highlights, updated data tables, a new topical content structure, audience-specific entry points, and an all-new search.

Improving World Bank Group Development Results Through Excellence in Evaluation

The Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) is charged with evaluating the activities of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and International Development Association (the World Bank), the work of International Finance Corporation (IFC) in private sector development, and Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency’s (MIGA) guarantee projects and services. The Director-General of IEG reports directly to the World Bank Group’s Board of Directors. The goals of evaluation are to provide an objective assessment of the results of the Bank Group’s work and to identify and disseminate lessons learned from experience.

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International Financial Institutions Agree to Share Data

International Financial Institutions Agree to Share Data to Improve Development Outcomes and Lay the Groundwork for the Post-2015 Development Agenda

WASHINGTON, April 22, 2013/ — Recognizing the power of information to shape better policies, guide development programs and increase accountability, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, along with leaders of six multilateral financial institutions, announced today that they would strengthen inter-agency sharing and collaboration on issues related to data and statistical capacity building. This will provide the global community with better statistical tools to measure progress toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and post-2015 development Donald Kaberuka – AfDB President_.jpgagenda and improve the lives of people in the developing world.

This historic meeting of resourceful institutions confirmed my belief that by working together we can demonstrate the power of multilateralism to secure a better future for all. The first-of-its-kind meeting and agreement will help us further deepen our joint work to meet the MDGs and develop a post-2015 agenda for a more prosperous, equitable and sustainable future,” said Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon.

Leaders of the African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, International Monetary Fund, Islamic Development Bank, the United Nations, and World Bank Group signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to collaborate in strengthening statistical capacity in member countries and to facilitate the sharing of data, tools, standards, and analysis to improve statistics for monitoring development outcomes. The European Investment Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development offered their full support for the goals of the MoU and will contribute to the post 2015 development agenda in their areas of expertise.

Speaking on behalf of signatories to the MoU, African Development President and Meeting Chairman Donald Kaberuka said, “More timely and better statistics provide the basis for understanding the social and economic circumstances in which people live, enabling better policies and programs. Stronger statistical capacity will also help drive more sophisticated decision making, for example, through the application of natural wealth accounting, a clearer understanding of the distributional effects of social and economic programs, and the ability to take account of the impacts of decisions on women. Our work together will help build the foundation for a robust post-2015 Agenda.”

Leaders reaffirmed their commitments to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, and discussed the opportunity to collaborate in the development of the post-2015 development agenda. “We need better information and we need it more frequently. This is the only way for us to know whether we are making progress toward our goals of improving the lives of the poor,” said Jim Yong Kim, President of the World Bank Group. “Just as the Millennium Development Goals profoundly shaped our approach to development at the turn of the century, we expect the post-2015 development agenda to help us define a vision for a more socially, environmentally, and economically sustainable development path.”

Source: African Press Organization on behalf of the African Development Bank.

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Risks of 4 Degree Hotter World by End of Century

All regions of the world would suffer – some more than others – but the report finds that the poor will suffer the most.

WASHINGTON, November 18, 2012 – The world is barreling down a path to heat up by 4 degrees at the end of the century if the global community fails to act on climate change, triggering a cascade of cataclysmic changes that include extreme heat-waves, declining global food stocks and a sea-level rise affecting hundreds of millions of people, according to a new scientific report released today that was commissioned by the World Bank.

Turn Down the Heat, a snapshot of the latest climate science prepared for the World Bank by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) and Climate Analytics, says that the world is on a path to a 4 degree Celsius[1] (4°C) warmer world by end of this century and current greenhouse gas emissions pledges will not reduce this by much..

“A 4 degree warmer world can, and must be, avoided – we need to hold warming below 2 degrees,” said World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim. “Lack of action on climate change threatens to make the world our children inherit a completely different world than we are living in today. Climate change is one of the single biggest challenges facing development, and we need to assume the moral responsibility to take action on behalf of future generations, especially the poorest.”

The report says that the 4°C scenarios are potentially devastating: the inundation of coastal cities; increasing risks for food production potentially leading to higher under and malnutrition rates; many dry regions becoming dryer, wet regions wetter; unprecedented heat waves in many regions, especially in the tropics; substantially exacerbated water scarcity in many regions; increased intensity of tropical cyclones; and irreversible loss of biodiversity, including coral reef systems.

“The Earth system’s responses to climate change appear to be non-linear,” points out PIK Director, John Schellnhuber. “If we venture far beyond the 2 degrees guardrail, towards the 4 degrees line, the risk of crossing tipping points rises sharply. The only way to avoid this is to break the business-as-usual pattern of production and consumption.”

The report notes, however, that a 4°C world is not inevitable and that with sustained policy action warming can still be held below 2°C, which is the goal adopted by the international community and one that already brings some serious damages and risks to the environment and human populations.

“The world must tackle the problem of climate change more aggressively,” Kim said. “Greater adaptation and mitigation efforts are essential and solutions exist. We need a global response equal to the scale of the climate problem, a response that puts us on a new path of climate smart development and shared prosperity. But time is very short.”

The World Bank Group’s work on inclusive green growth has found that with more efficient and smarter use of energy and natural resources opportunities exist to drastically reduce the climate impact of development without slowing poverty alleviation or economic growth.

“While every country will take a different pathway to greener growth and balance their own need for energy access with energy sustainability, every country has green growth opportunities to exploit,” said Rachel Kyte, World Bank Vice President for Sustainable Development.

Those initiatives could include: putting the more than US$ 1 trillion of fossil fuel and other harmful subsidies to better use; introducing natural capital accounting into national accounts; expanding both public and private expenditures on green infrastructure able to withstand extreme weather and urban public transport systems designed to minimize carbon emission and maximize access to jobs and services; supporting carbon pricing and international and national emissions trading schemes; and increasing energy efficiency – especially in buildings – and the share of renewable power produced.

“This report reinforces the reality that today’s climate volatility affects everything we do,” Kyte said. “We will redouble our efforts to build adaptive capacity and resilience, as well as find solutions to the climate challenge.”

Kyte said, “The Bank commissioned the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics to make a summary analysis of the latest climate science, as a means to better understand the potential impact of a 4°C warmer world in developing countries.”

Executive Summary

Full Report

Quotes (approved for attribution) from global leaders on the World Bank “Turn Down The Heat” report and the climate challenge

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Development Impact Evaluation Initiative (DIME)

The Development Impact Evaluation Initiative is a World Bank-wide program to generate knowledge on the effectiveness of development policies. Working across 18 thematic areas, DIME collaborates with 300 agencies in 72 countries to improve the effectiveness of policies and programs and strengthen country capacity for real-time evidence-based policy-making.

via Development Impact Evaluation Initiative.

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Impact Evaluation Toolkit | The World Bank

Measuring the Impact of Results-Based Financing on Maternal and Child Health

This World Bank toolkit offers a step-by-step guide on how to evaluate the impact of interventions, especially those related to maternal and child health and those involving results-based financing (RBF). According to its developer, the World Bank Human Development Network, the guide can also be easily adapted for impact evaluation (IE) in other fields.
The toolkit includes:
• best practices for each stage of the IE cycle, such as how to choose evaluation questions, build a team, design an evaluation, and collect and analyse data.
• over 50 tools, including terms of reference for team members and survey firms, household and facility questionnaires, data-entry programmes, and materials for training enumerators and supervising field work.
In each module, the toolkit provides technical tools that can be used to implement the recommendations of the narrative. More than 50 tools are included, such as terms of reference for IE team members and survey firms, a list of Maternal and Child Health (MCH) indicators of interest, research protocols, questionnaires, enumerator training manuals and curricula, field work supervision materials, data analysis tools, etc. These standardised tools can facilitate cross-country comparisons of the results of RBF projects.

By Christel Vermeersch, Elisa Rothenbühler, Jennifer Sturdy, in June 2012. Download from
http://wbgfiles.worldbank.org/documents/hdn/he/PortfolioIEToolkit061512.pdf (pdf-file, 69.760 kB)

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World Bank President Jim Kim Answers Your Questions

World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim asked you to send your questions, comments and views on the best ways to eradicate poverty. We received over 1,000 posts from 62 countries via Facebook, Twitter, and World Bank Live.

Watch Dr. Kim answering some of your questions – on the impact of the global financial crisis on developing countries, jobs and unemployment, gender equality and child malnutrition.

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Global Trade Logistics Advisory program of the World Bank

The Global Trade Logistics Advisory program of the World Bank Groups’ Investment Climate Department (IC) has been dedicated to assisting countries in creating simple, efficient and accountable trade logistics systems and services that have a dramatic impact on economic development.

The team has produced a video that highlights client success stories from Colombia, Liberia and Rwanda. The countries’ reform experiences serve as testimony to the joint effort involved in improving regulations, policies and streamlining the trade transactions process so as to create an environment that is conducive to trade and business growth.

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The Private Sector and Poverty Reduction | World Bank IEG

The Independent Evaluation Group’s evaluation, Assessing IFC’s Poverty Focus and Results, aimed to contribute to the enhancement of IFC’s poverty focus and its effectiveness for greater poverty impact. Findings from field studies included in the report illustrate that success, or lack thereof, is a result of the manner in which each project addressed the fulfillment of a need.

The fundamental lesson emerging from these four case studies is that development projects work better when they are based on a sound and thorough understanding of the micro-economic and cultural conditions prevailing among the people for whom the projects are intended. A corollary, more practical lesson is that this kind of grounded understanding is best gained by systematic inquiry based largely on listening to intended beneficiaries in the communities where they work and live.

IEG_Poverty_Case_Studies.pdf (application/pdf-Objekt).

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World Bank | Handbook on Impact Evaluation | Quantitative Methods and Practices

Handbook on Impact Evaluation: Quantitative Methods and Practices, by Shahidur R. Khandker, Gayatri B. Koolwal, Hussain A. Samad, The World Bank, Washington DC, 2010, online at http://tinyurl.com/cm4q99v

Identifying the precise effects of a policy is a complex and challenging task. This issue is particularly salient in an uncertain economic climate, where governments are under great pressure to promote programs that can recharge growth and reduce poverty. At the World Bank, our work is centered on aid effectiveness and how to improve the targeting and effi cacy of programs that we support. As we are well aware, however, times of crisis as well as a multitude of other factors can inhibit a clear understanding of how interventions work—and how effective programs can be in the long run.

Handbook on Impact Evaluation: Quantitative Methods and Practices makes a valuable contribution in this area by providing, for policy and research audiences, a comprehensive
overview of steps in designing and evaluating programs amid uncertain and potentially confounding conditions. It draws from a rapidly expanding and broadbased literature on program evaluation—from monitoring and evaluation approaches
to experimental and nonexperimental econometric methods for designing and conducting impact evaluations.