Green Economy and Development

Little Growers

  1. UNEP: Green Economy is key catalyst for growth and poverty eradication

  2. OECD: Green and growth go together

  3. The Green Star Hotel Initiative supports the greening of Egypt’s tourism industry

  4. UNCTAD releases book ”Road to Rio +20”

  5. UNEP Report spotlights benefits from boosting funding for forests

  6. LDCs set to jump start to a green economy

  7. The Africa Competitiveness Report 2011

  8. Economic Report on Africa 2011 – Focused industrial policy

  9. Climate Change and Asian Development Bank

  10. EU renewable energy targets may boost land grabbing in developing countries

  11. German government backs new energy strategy

  12. Recommended Publications

  13. Recommended Training and Events

  14. Recommended Websites

1. Green Economy is key catalyst for growth and poverty eradication, says UNEP-report

UNEP has launched a report entitled Towards a Green Economy, Pathways to a Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication, in advance of Rio 2012, that focuses on innovative ways to reduce poverty and promote sustainable development.

The report aims to ”demystify” two myths about greening the global economy. First, sustainable development and economy go together. A green economy does not inhibit but rather provides opportunities for employment and wealth creation, it argues. Secondly, a green economy is not the prerogative of wealthy countries.

According to the report, this investment will set up the transition towards a green economy, defined as low carbon, resource efficient and socially inclusive. A large part of this transition, however, implies policies and investment that dissociate growth from the current intensive consumption of materials and energy use.

The report also seeks to motivate policy makers to create the enabling conditions for increased investments in a transition to a green economy. Investing 2% of global GDP into ten key sectors can kick-start a transition towards a low carbon, resource efficient Green Economy, a new United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) report suggests. The sum, currently amounting to an average of around $1.3 trillion a year and backed by forward-looking national and international policies, would grow the global economy at around the same rate, if not higher than those forecast under current economic models.

In his foreword to the report, UNEP Executive Director Acheim Steiner writes: ”New ideas are by their very nature disruptive, but far less disruptive than a world running low on drinking water and productive land, set against the backdrop of climate change, extreme weather events and rising natural resource scarcities. A green economy does not favour one political perspective over another. It is relevant to all economies, be they State or more market-led. Neither is it a replacement for sustainable development. Rather, it is a way of realising that development at the national, regional and global levels and in ways that resonate with and amplify the implementation of Agenda 21”


2. Green and growth go together, says OECD

The OECD Green Growth Strategy <,3746,en_2649_37465_44076170_1_1_1_37465,00.html>, and the new report, Towards Green Growth, provide a practical framework for governments to boost economic growth and protect the environment.

Governments must look to the green economy to find new sources of growth and jobs. They should put in place policies that tap into the innovation, investment and entrepreneurship driving the shift towards a greener economy. Green growth makes economic as well as environmental sense. In natural resource sectors alone, commercial opportunities related to investments in environmental sustainability could run into trillions of dollars by 2050.

Two broad sets of policies are essential elements in any green growth strategy: the first set mutually reinforces economic growth and the conservation of natural capital, including core fiscal and regulatory settings and innovation policies. The second includes policies that provide incentives to use natural resources efficiently and make pollution more expensive.

Replacing natural capital with physical capital is expensive and the infrastructure needed to clean polluted water can be costly, but the cost of inaction can be higher still. Greening growth now, the report argues, is necessary to prevent further erosion of natural capital, such as increased scarcity of water and other resources, more pollution, climate change, and biodiversity loss, all of which can undermine future growth. In addition to the Synthesis Report, the document Tools for Delivering on Green Growth outlines options available to policy makers for developing green growth strategies. The report Towards Green Growth – Monitoring Progress: OECD Indicators outlines ways to measure progress.

3. The Green Star Hotel Initiative supports the greening of Egypt’s tourism industry

Tourism key to the economic recovery of Egypt. The Green Star Hotel Initiative (GSHI) aims to improve the environmental performance and competitiveness of the Egyptian hotel industry by promoting the implementation of environmental management systems and environmentally sound operations, Within the framework of the PPP program oft eh German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development BMZ, Egyptian and German tourism key players joined forces with technical assistance provided by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) to move the Egyptian hotel industry towards sustainability. The Initiative is operated by AGEG Consultants eG.

4. UNCTAD releases book ”Road to Rio +20′

UNCTAD has published the first in a series of volumes focusing on issues pertinent to ”green” economic growth – a low-carbon, resource-efficient approach to development intended to raise living standards in sustainable fashion while combating climate change and conserving biodiversity. The intent is to give practical expression to the concept of sustainable development adopted at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. The book features 14 articles and is intended to highlight critical topics and focus global discussion in advance of the 2012 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development. The Rio +20 summit has as its main theme ”the green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication. ”It also will focus on the institutional framework for sustainable development at the international and national levels.

5. UNEP Report Spotlights Enormous Economic and Human Benefits from Boosting Funding for Forests

Investing an additional US$40 billion (0.034 Percent of Global GDP) a year in the forestry sector could halve deforestation rates by 2030, increase rates of tree planting by around 140 per cent by 2050, and catalyze the creation of millions of new jobs according to a report by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP). Backed by the right kinds of enabling policies, such an investment – equivalent to about two-thirds more than what is spent on the sector today – could also sequester or remove an extra 28 per cent of carbon from the atmosphere, thus playing a key role in combating climate change.

Forests in a Green Economy: A Synthesis was unveiled during this year’s World Environment Day (WED) celebrations. The theme, Forests: Nature at Your Service, underscores the multitude of benefits that forests provide to humanity.

6. LDCs set to jump start to a green economy

With their low-carbon profile, rich natural assets and promising policy initiatives, the world’s 48 least developed countries are well-positioned to jump start the transition to a green economy, according to a new UN report released at the start of the Fourth UN Conference on Least Developed Countries (LDC-IV). Carla September reviews the report, titled Why a Green Economy Matters for the Least Developed Countries.

According to a new report released by the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), most of the investments taken in LDCs have not yet resulted in significant economic growth and job creation. ”Such investment has not tended to ‘fertilize’ LDC economies by leading to greater links between foreign businesses and local firms that can spread know-how and technology and help spur broad-based, long-term economic growth,” the body emphasised. In order to effectively address those countries’ economic potential, the international community should strengthen the ability of LDCs to attract foreign investments by inter alia setting up a ”LDC infrastructure development fund”, the report reads.

7. The Africa Competitiveness Report 2011

The Report highlights areas where the urgent policy action and investment are needed to ensure that Africa sustains its economic recovery and continues to grow in the future. It maps out the continent’s policy challenges and presents a unified vision of the areas requiring critical attention. The Report can serve as a useful tool for African decision makers in public and private spheres to measure the business climate potential for fostering sustainable growth and prosperity. The Report also contains in-depth assessments of the state of competitiveness, the impact of foreign direct investment on the continent, and the trade performance of the region. It also outlines the potential for increased productivity growth in agriculture and agribusiness. The final sections include detailed competitiveness profiles for several African countries.

8. Governing Development in Africa – Economic Report on Africa 2011 – Focused industrial policy

To catch up and, more important, to meet its own development objectives, Africa needs to promote rapid industrialization that will promote innovation, technological adoption, entrepreneurship, high value added and employment-generating manufacturing. This will enable the continent to overcome the low contribution of industry and manufacturing to GDP and employment. The formulation and implementation of industrial policy will enable African governments to target particular activities or sectors for support. Each country will have to identify niche industries where it has competitive advantages or the capability to develop dynamic advantages. This in turn will contribute to Africa’s industrial development. However, unlike most countries in post-independence Africa, which thwarted the emergence of a capitalist class, the 21st century African developmental state has to vigorously attempt to build an indigenous capitalist class.

Also, unlike the experiences of the 20th century developmental States elsewhere, industrialization in Africa in the 21st century will have to be sensitive to environmental sustainability (chapter 3). The development of renewable energy and a green economy as part of Africa’s overall development strategy cannot be over-emphasized. Renewable energy in particular and the green economy in general offer Africa a basis for transforming the structures of its economies and to create sustainable jobs and livelihoods.

The industrial strategy of the developmental States of East Asia suggests that creating industrial winners through fiscal incentives to facilitate enhanced productivity and some form of protectionism were critical for the growth of local manufacturing. While protectionism may be difficult and largely unfashionable in a globalized economy regulated by WTO, nonetheless, as part of their industrial policy, African States should ensure a phasing-out process to protect local industries, which is necessary for their growth and consolidation. This will enable them to compete, over time, in the global economy.

9. Climate Change and Asian Development Bank

ADB is helping developing countries shift to low-carbon growth and protect those most vulnerable against the expected impacts of climate change. ADB’s long-term strategic framework for 2008-2020 (Strategy 2020) makes tackling climate change part of our core operations. ADB is supporting a comprehensive program of assistance to developing member countries for climate change mitigation and adaptation measures, and mainstreaming of climate change considerations into ADB operations.

10. EU renewable energy targets may boost land grabbing in developing countries

The EU’s renewable energy target of 20% of its energy supply from renewable energies by 2020 will cause widespread ‘land-grabbing’ in developing countries, according to a new Action Aid report. The EU adopted the target in the ‘Renewable Energy Roadmap’ in January 2007, and has come under increasing scrutiny from civil society.

11. German government backs new energy strategy

The German government now aims to implement the Energy Strategy it adopted in late 2010 more swiftly and more rigorously than originally intended. Only ten years from now the last nuclear power plants are to be closed down. Germany aims to enter the age of renewables as quickly as possible. Speaking in Berlin, Chancellor Angela Merkel and three of her ministers presented in detail the steps that will be involved. No provision has been made for a way back. The strategy will entail changes to power grid expansion plans and the subsidy system for renewable energy such as solar and wind. The government already dropped plans to add a further cut to incentives for photovoltaic energy. Both chambers of parliament have to agree a change of course on energy strategy by the parliamentary summer break in July.

12. Recommended Publications

A Global Green New Deal

Response to crisis or paradigm shift towards sustainability? FES International Policy Analysis.

A Global Green New Deal: Rethinking the Economic Recovery

Edward B. Barbier charts the way for recovering from the recession and saving the planet at the same time.

A Green Venture Fund to Finance Clean Technology for Developing Countries.

Center for Global Development (CGD) Working Paper 245, by Darius Nassiry and David Wheeler

Breathe in, breathe out, and drop the Coke

Buddhist, economist, two-time nominee for the Nobel Peace Prize and WFC Councillor Sulak Sivaraksa reflects on the habits of Western societies in his newest book. In an interview with ‘The Independent’ Sholto Byrnes writes, ”Sivaraksa’s view is that true happiness is not to be found in material gains or in the constant pursuit of unlimited growth, but starts with the search for inner calm.”

Can Green and Lean Go Together?

A workshop explored how the private sector is changing its business model to incorporate environmental responsibility. Options and approaches for appropriate regulatory environment for innovation and adoption of green solutions were also discussed.

Carbon Finance and Pro-Poor Co-Benefits

International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), Sustainable Markets Discussion Papers, Author: Rachel Godfrey Wood

Cooperation for a Green Economy

UNEP-DirectorAchim Steiner suggests that Rio+20 could provide the frameworks, financing and market mechanisms to support transitions to a Green Economy across the world. It also could provide leadership that addresses the absurdities of current economic configurations, while unleashing investments and steering society towards wider notions of wealth generation, he says.

Designing the International Green Climate Fund: Focusing on Results

A transitional committee met for the first time last month to begin work on the formation of the Green Climate Fund, a development stemming from last December’s international climate change talks in Cancún. Katherine Sierra argues that the new Green Climate Fund must have a vision for achieving significant and transformative climate change results, through development strategies and programs, in order to be effective.

Evaluation of programmatic approaches to support for the environment in Africa 1996-2009.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark evaluation report.

Fair and Green?

Social impacts of payments for environmental services in Costa Rica. International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) report, by Inas Porras.

Global environmental governance at Rio+20: Thinking big – doing little?

There is little faith in the reform of the UN system; nonetheless, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, to be held in Rio de Janeiro in 2012 – also known as Rio +20 – is not only to set the stage for a green economy, but also to provide an impetus for the institutional reform of the UN environmental sector. The ministerial-l evel advisory group brought together by the UN Environmental Program (UNEP) is preparing the reforms. The state of the discussion is analyzed by Barbara Unmüßig.

Green, fair and productive: How the 2012 Rio Conference can move the world towards sustainability

The Green Economy Coalition has come together in an effort to promote progress towards a resilient economy that provides a better quality of life for all within the ecological limits of one planet. There are strong practical reasons for this transition, but it also taps into fundamental human values of fairness, environmental stewardship and careful use of limited resources.

Leveraging private investment: the role of public sector climate finance.

This ODI Background Note focuses on how public finance and risk mitigation instruments can remove the barriers to private sector investment and thereby leverage significant amounts of private capital for climate change mitigation.

Making Growth Inclusive

Growth is back on the development agenda, promoted by bilateral and multilateral donors, and the G20, as the most effective way to lift people out of poverty. Economic growth has reduced poverty in developing countries in the past, but by ignoring the issue of equality, donors and poor country governments have failed to maximise the benefits of that growth – and in some cases, people have become worse off. This Oxfam paper by Elizabeth Stuart extracts lessons from case studies of Brazil, Viet Nam, and Ghana to suggest three key areas that may deliver growth that is inclusive: a proper redistributive agenda; appropriate macroeconomic prudence; and a pro-poor private sector.

New SID Development issue: Challenges to sustainability

Produced for the SID World Congress in July 2011, development opin ion leaders share their ideas on sustaining economic growth in balance with nature while ensuring local people’s rights, identity and livelihoods.

New guide for SMEs on ”Greening China”

Following the publication of the policy brief ”Winning China’s markets”, a new guide was produced in the framework of the Understanding China programme. ”Greening China” highlights the opportunities for European small and medium enterprises (SMEs) arising from the green growth in China, which is expected to be boosted by China’s recently published Five-Year Plan.

Powering the Green Economy. The Feed-In Tariff Handbook.

The climate and energy book from the World Future Council is a collaborative effort, written by Miguel Mendonça, the WFC Research Manager, David Jacobs and Benjamin Sovacool. It provides detailed analysis of feed-in tariff design, and provides a guide to campaigning for them. It includes discussion of other support schemes, of barriers and technical issues, and of the place of good policy in driving a green collar economy.

Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: Developments in 2010

This report provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts. It is the fourth update prepared under the aegis of the Joint Working Party on Trade and Environment. The report covers developments over the period from late 2009 to December 2010 and is based on publicly available information

The costs to developing countries of adaptation to climate change: new methods and estimates.

World Bank (WB) report, by Sergio Margulis et al.

The State of Sustainability Initiatives Review 2010: Sustainability and Transparency

International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) report, by Jason Potts, Jessica van der Meer, and Jaclyn Daitchman.

The Transition to a Green Economy: Benefits, Challenges and Risks from a Sustainable Development Perspective.

Report by a Panel of Experts to Second Preparatory Committee Meeting for UNCSD.

Towards a Global Finance System at the Service of Sustainable Development

Assessing the development impact of European and global financial reforms. By Stichting Onderzoek Multinationale Ondernemingen (SOMO).

Whose Crisis, Whose Future? : Towards a Greener, Fairer, Richer World, by Susan George

Today we are in the midst of a multifaceted crisis which touches the lives of everyone on the planet. Whether it’s growing poverty and inequality or shrinking access to food and water, the collapse of global financial markets or the dire effects of climate change, every aspect of this crisis can be traced to a transnational neoliberal elite that has steadily eroded our rights and stripped us of power. And yet our world has never been so wealthy, and we have, right now, all the knowledge, tools and skills we need to build a greener, fairer, richer world. Such a breakthrough is not some far-fetched utopia, but an immediate, concrete possibility. Our future is in our hands.

World Development Report 2011: Conflict, Security, and Development

With more than 1.5 billion people living in countries affected by conflict, the World Development Report 2011 looks into the changing nature of violence in the 21st century. Interstate and civil wars characterized violent conflict in the last century; more pronounced today is violence linked to local disputes, political repression, and organized crime. The report underlines the negative impact of persistent conflict on a country’s or a region’s development prospects, and notes that no low income, conflict-affected state has yet achieved a single Millennium Development Goal.

World on the Edge

How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse. Earth Policy Institute book, by Lester R. Brown.

13. Recommended Training and Events

Capacity WORKS – Qualification for the consulting industry

Capacity WORKS is the German Technical Cooperation’s (GTZ) management model for sustainable develoment. This method supports steering and management of international cooperation projects and is applied widely in GTZ’s programmes and projects. AGEG was selected as accredited CB provider for GTZ in the roll-out trainings to implement its CAPACITY WORKS management model. Open 2,5-day basic courses as well as inhouse courses for clients are offered on a regular basis.

GIZ 14th International Business Forum Berlin 2011

Berlin, Germany, 5-7 June 2011

Investment Climate for Climate Investment – fostering business dynamics for inclusive low carbon growth

TrainEval – Training for Evaluation in Development

TrainEval is an advanced training programme for evaluation in development, which is specifically focused on the European Development Cooperation and the EC evaluation approach. TrainEval’s four modules take place in Brussels.

4th World Economic and Environmental Conference

Qindao, China, 18-20 June 2011

Eschborn Dialogue 2011: Responsible economic action – sustainable development: new ways forward for national economies?

Eschborn, Germany, 21-22 June 2011, GIZ

How can resource efficiency and environmental and climate protection be synchronised with economic growth? What will it take to broker out solutions to the conflicts of interest between the North and South as well as between global committees, individual states and peoples? What kind of innovations and technologies are needed to secure standards of living without destroying the natural resources that sustain them? Under the title, ‘Responsible economic action – sustainable development: New ways forward for national economies?’‚ we want to debate the opportunities and challenges inherent in a structural shift towards a more sustainable economy.

Green Growth and Development Workshop

Paris, France, 28 June 2011

International Conference on Renewable Energy and Gender

Abuja, Nigeria, 29 June – 1 July 2011

7th International mesopartner Summer Academy on Economic Development

Duisburg, Germany, 4-8 July 2011

Third International Conference on Climate Change: Impacts and Responses

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 21-22 July 2010

Challenge of the Balance

New Delhi, India, 1-30 August 2011

A course on Policies, Politics & Practices of Environmental Management in the Developing World

Systemische Ansätze in der Evaluierung: Möglichkeiten und Nutzen

Two workshops about systemic approaches in evaluation with Trainer Richard Hummelbrunner in German language.

4th International Conference on Higher Education for Sustainable Development

Lüneburg, Germany, 14.-16.09.2011,

Higher Education for Sustainable Development: Moving the Agenda Forward

Green Economy and Sustainable Development: Bringing Back the Social Dimension

Davos, Switzerland, October 10-11, 2011

United Nations Research Institute for Sustainable Development

Rio+20 – United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 4-6 June 2012

The objective of the Conference is to secure renewed political commitment for sustainable development, assess the progress to date and the remaining gaps in the implementation of the outcomes of the major summits on sustainable development, and address new and emerging challenges. It is envisaged as a Conference at the highest possible level, including Heads of State and Government or other representatives. The Conference will result in a focused political document.

Master’s degree in Anthropology, Environment and Development

London’s Global University, United Kingdom.

14. Recommended Websites

Chance2sustain: The first three publications available online

Chance2Sustain examines how governments and citizens in cities with differing patterns of urban economic growth make use of participatory (or integrated) spatial knowledge management to direct urban governance towards more sustainable development.

Clean Energy Information Portal – reegle

reegle acts as a unique clean energy information portal, targeting specific stakeholders including governments, project developers, businesses, financiers, NGOs, academia, international organizations and civil society. Alongside comprehensive country energy profiles, energy statistics and a directory of relevant stakeholders it also offers the clean energy search and an extensive glossary. There is also an insightful clean energy blog with interesting and up-to-date background information.

Climate Impacts: Global and Regional Adaptation Support Platform (ci:grasp)

ci:grasp aims to support decision-makers and climate change adaptation practitioners in developing countries by providing structured and coherent climate information. Information is presented following an impact chain logic, where climate change stimuli lead to climate impacts, which in turn require adaptation measures. Information is currently available for nine focal countries. The platform contains almost 1,000 thematic maps and nearly 300 outlines of existing adaptation projects. It will be expanded continuously. Users are invited to contribute to the adaptation project database, share their knowledge on adaptation, and give feedback on ci:grasp.

DEW Point Resource Centre

The DEW Point Resource Centre generates and disseminates knowledge on behalf of DFID staff and their development partners in environment, water resources, water and sanitation and climate change.


Energypedia is a wiki platform where you can write, create, revise and disseminate articles providing information and your experience about technologies and approaches related to renewable energy and development aid. Furthermore you can jointly organize discussion processes and groups. Energypedia will optimize the exchange of knowledge and the joint work amongst energy experts around the world. Developed by the Dutch-German Partnership Programme Energising Development (EnDev)

EnviroWindows – EEA platform for knowledge sharing and development

EnviroWindows makes available the web technologies of the European Environment Agency (EEA) to facilitate collaboration on projects, organise partnership activities, and connect geographically distributed users working on research, policymaking, and eco-innovation. – Best Policies for Future Generations

The objective of is to present policy solutions and provide users with many helpful tools, such as background information, details on policy elements and benefits, sample texts, case studies, and further links.

German Council for Sustainable Development (RNE)

The RNE supports Germany on its way towards sustainability, to promote sustainability as an issue for public discussion, to support the German government in all matters of sustainability. On this website you will find details on the members of the Council, its topical work programme, the mandate given by the German government, the fact sheet as well as information about the Council´s office and its bid invitations.

Green Growth Leaders

”Shaping sustainable economies is the fundamental challenge of our time. Facing it, however, requires outstanding leadership, new means of communication and innovative collaborations across borders, sectors and mindsets. This is the founding idea of The Green Growth Leaders (GGL), a global alliance of cities, regions, countries and corporations, sharing a vision of building prosperous, green economies and communities -and a better tomorrow for their citizens.

ILO – Green Jobs–en/index.htm

The ILO agenda for Green Jobs promotes a socially fair transition, in which vulnerabilities, changes in the labour market and new business models are addressed through an inclusive social dialogue. Green jobs help reducing negative environmental impact, ultimately leading to environmentally, economically and socially sustainable enterprises and economies.

Institute for Environmental and Sustainability Communication (INFU) Database

Here you have the opportunity to select or to search for specific institutions dealing with sustainability in Higher Education. You can also register your institution.

Local coping strategies database

Community-based adaptation can greatly benefit from knowledge of local coping strategies. The secretariat has developed a local coping strategies database to facilitate the transfer of long-standing coping strategies and knowledge from communities which have adapted to specific hazards or climatic conditions, to communities which may just be starting to experience such conditions as a result of climate change.

New World Bank resources and research tools

The World Bank’s Open Data portal offers free access to more than 60 data sets. This session will provide an introduction to and demo of the site and its more than 7,000 development indicators. Born from the World Bank’s Open Data, the eAtlas of Global Development helps visualize the world’s most pressing development challenges through mapping, charting, and graphing of data. See how to use it in presentations, research, and more. The World Bank eLibrary is a subscription product that includes the World Bank’s full-text collection of more than 6,000 books, reports, journals, and other documents on social and economic development.

OECD – Green Growth


By analysing economic and environmental policies together, by looking at ways to spur eco-innovation and by addressing other key issues related to a transition to a greener economy such as jobs and skills, investment, taxation, trade and development, the OECD can show the way to make a cleaner low-carbon economy compatible with growth

Start Your Waste Recycling Business – ILO Business Manual–en/WCMS_114978/index.htm

The ILO has on demand now adapted training material originally developed for Zambia and Tanzania on waste management, to suit the Zimbabwean context, with a focus on waste recycling as a business idea for community based organisations. The adapted training package Start Your Waste Recycling Business comprises four key documents (i) Technical Handouts (ii) Business Manual (iii) Business Plan and (iv) Trainers Guide

Sustainable Development Online

In the drive for sustainable production and business the needs of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) must be met. SMEs (enterprises) often lack the resources, information and trained personnel that are essential to move towards more sustainable business practice. This gap has been recognized at official level with the result that a large number of initiatives have been undertaken to address the specific needs of SMEs. This SDO database identifies and describes a cross-section of such initiatives and will grow to include other types of information (case studies, good / best practice examples) relevant to SMEs.

The Center for Global Development

CGD’s work on climate change examines current and future impacts on developing countries, identifies how rich countries can help developing countries become more climate resilient, seeks policy mechanisms to create low-carbon economies in rich and developing countries, and gathers and discloses emissions-related data to inform the policy dialogue and boost incentives for steep cuts in the emissions of heat-trapping gases.

Sustainable Development Policy & Practice

Knowledge management project on international activities preparing for the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD, also referred to as Rio+20).

The Earth Summit 2012 Stakeholder Forum

SDG2012 is Stakeholder Forum’s programme on Sustainable Development Governance (SDG) towards Rio+20. The programme includes our work as secretariat for the sustainable development network which is managed by the Climate and Sustainability Platform, ANPED and IUCN.

The World Future Council (WFC)

The WFC consists of up to 50 respected personalities from all five continents. They come from governments, parliaments, the arts, civil society, science and the business world. Together they form a voice for the rights of future generations. BAsed in Hamburg, Germany, the WFC staff working in Brussels, London, Washington and Johannesburg.

UNCSD 2012 – Green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication

Green Economy focus of the the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) – RIO+20.

UNCTAD’s Green Economy site

UNCTAD’s mandate on Trade and Environment, to be achieved in cooperation with other relevant organizations, focuses on helping to ensure balance in the trade and environment debate by highlighting issues of concern to developing countries and strengthening the development dimensions.

UNESCAP – Green Growth

Green Growth is a policy focus for the Asia and Pacific region that emphasizes environmentally sustainable economic progress to foster low-carbon, socially inclusive development. Green Growth is a globally relevant approach to sustainable economic growth that was developed in Asia. It is impeartive that countries in the Asia and Pacific region continue their economic growth to alleviate poverty and to achieve social progress. However, increased environmental degradation, climate change and diminishing natural resources require an unconventional approach to support the export-driven economic activities of the region.

World Bank Business Planet – Mapping the Business Environment

Take a trip around the world to discover how easy (or difficult) it is to do business in 183 economies. View data on new business creation around the world. Measures of entrepreneurial activity are calculated from data collected directly from registrar of companies on the number of newly registered corporations.